Death penalty for murder, terrorism, participating in a gang robbery if one of the robbers commits murder, abetting a successful mutiny, assault by a person under a life sentence which causing harm, assault with the intention to murder which causing only harm, perjury causing wrongful execution, Death penalty for murder, drug trafficking, arson, piracy, terrorism, kidnapping, recividism of aggravated offenses punishable by life imprisonment, leading an armed group that engages in spreading disorder (such as by sabotage, pillage or killing), espionage, treason and perjury causing wrongful execution. Reporting by … According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought report, 13 countries currently have laws on the books carrying a penalty of death for blasphemy or apostasy. Activist arrested for blasphemy could face death penalty. Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. The information above is accurate as of 2020[update], when Chad abolished capital punishment. Prohibited by the. 1 (3%) maintain the death sentence in both law and practice. Blasphemy killings. Following an altercation with a Muslim women over water, Bibi insulted the prophet Muhammad, an infraction for which Bibi was convicted in 2010 and sentenced to death by hanging. In Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru, the death penalty is only legal in exceptional/special circumstances such as for crimes committed in wartime and was abolished for other crimes. In 2017, Mongolia repealed the death penalty. [20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. Executions by firing squad. President. In 2019, Asia had the world's 5 leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. Death penalty for murder and treason. 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Doc. It was passed by … [151] The last person to suffer the death penalty in Brazil was executed in 1876, during the Imperial era. It also has apostasy laws. Currently (2020), the United States is the only country in the Americas to conduct executions. Saudi Arabia is known globally for having the strictest laws. Death penalty for aggravated murder, murder, public comments, rape (if it results in the death of the victim), barbaric actions including torture, and aggravated rape. 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Death penalty for. As of 2020, a total of 53 countries still have the death sentence, employing a variety of methods including hanging, shooting, lethal injection, electrocution and beheading. Russia retains the death penalty in law, but there is a moratorium. In 1986, yet another clause was added recommending the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according to the BBC. [147][148][149][150] Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. In Israel and Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. Firing squad. Death penalty for aggravated murder, armed robbery, terrorism, "mercenarism" resulting in death, Firing squad, shooting. Last year, it executed more than 300 people. Hanging. "Portuguese Constitution of 1933 - Part I, Title II, Article 8º, Nº11: [Translation]: "Article 3 of Law 635 - Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911 - The exception on the article of the death penalty: [Translation], "Ley Orgánica 11/1995, de 27 de noviembre, de abolición de la pena de muerte en tiempo de guerra", "Turkey's parliament 'to consider reintroducing death penalty. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" In November 2010, Aasia Bibi became the first woman in Pakistan's history to be sentenced to death under the country’s “Blasphemy Law,” which carries a mandatory death penalty.No one has … It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. If Bibi's sentence is not overturned, she will be the first woman to be executed since blasphemy laws were enacted in Pakistan in the 1980s. 25 (58%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. [18] India executes criminals only in extreme cases. Since the 1980s, more than 1,300 have been accused of blasphemy. The country lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in December 2014, after a Taliban attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren. A mere fatwa does not legitimate a death sentence. Note: Where a country has abolished, re-instated, and abolished again (e.g. Hanging. [245][246] While Maynmar courts do hand down death sentences pro forma in particularly egregious cases, most recently in the 2018 case of Myo Zaw Oo who was convicted of the rape and murder of a government worker,[247] the sentences in practice are not carried out and are in effect life sentences. In 2007, in Sudan, British schoolteacher Gillian Gibbons was arrested and interrogated for allegedly insulting Islam after allowing her class of six-year-olds to name a teddy bear "Muhammad." Taimoor Raza handed first-ever death sentence for insulting Prophet Muhammad on social media, amid blasphemy crackdown. [251] Wa State imposes the death penalty only for murder [252] and executions are carried out by gunshot to the back of the head. Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). Death penalty allowed for aggravated murder; castration resulting in death; kidnapping a minor resulting in death; terrorism; robbery; treason; espionage; genocide; crimes against humanity; attempt or conspiracy to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and certain war crimes; torture; human trafficking; poisoning; harboring criminals; perjury leading to a person being sentenced to death; attempting to commit a death-eligible offense and redicivism in case of most serious offenses. The countries in the Americas that most recently abolished the death penalty are Suriname (2015), Argentina (2009), and Bolivia (2009). Most Muslim-majority countries have some form of blasphemy law and some of them have been compared to blasphemy laws in European countries (Britain, Germany, Finland etc.). Non-independent territories are considered to be under the jurisdiction of their parent country – which leads to unexpectedly late abolition dates for the UK, New Zealand and the Netherlands, where Jersey (UK), the Cook Is (NZ), and the Netherlands Antilles, were the last territories of those states to abolish capital punishment, and all were rather later than the more well known abolitions on the respective mainlands. Between 9 June 1956 by martial law imposing. The US Library of Congress said in 2017 there were 77 countries which have laws "criminalising blasphemy, defaming religion, harming religious feelings, and similar conduct". Globally, of the 195 United Nations states, 54 countries retain capital punishment, 105 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, eight have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 28 are abolitionist in practice. Abolished for ordinary crimes 1997. Of all modern European countries, San Marino, Portugal and the Netherlands were the first to abolish capital punishment, whereas only Belarus still practices capital punishment in some form or another. As of 2014, about a quarter of the world’s countries and territories (26%) had anti-blasphemy laws or policies, of which 13 nations, all Muslim-majority, have the death penalty for apostasy. [16] Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. Laws restricting blasphemy are common in North Africa (70%) and the Middle East (90%). The new Code came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009.[140][141]. Wa state (officially the Wa Self-Administered Division) is nominally a semi-autonomous division located in two disconnected regions within Shan State. In Central and South America, the death penalty exists in Belize and Guyana, though it has not been used in years. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". The Kano State Court of Appeal has reserved judgment on the appeal of the death sentence on Yahaya Aminu-Sharif, a musician sentenced to death for a song deemed blasphemous against Prophet Mohammed. According to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 71 countries have blasphemy laws — around a quarter of them are in the Middle East … Hanging (in the past, for civil offences), firing squad (military offences). 2009 and 2015 were the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions. "It is shocking that the word 'evolution' has been much on the tongues of children," the fatwa read, according to a Reuters report. Article (283) of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution. Only 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991, the last of the execution of four perpetrators of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March 2020. Blasphemy laws seem to be the norm rather than an exception when it comes to countries in the Middle East and North Africa where 14 countries out of 20 have anti-speech laws and penalize apostasy. Pakistan has strict blasphemy laws which carry a death penalty for people who insult the Prophet Muhammad, Islam, the Quran or certain holy people. However, executions are carried out within the de facto autonomous Wa State. Executions in Europe in 2019: Belarus (2+)[171][303]. It still carries the death penalty in countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Somalia. Those whose hearts have become so hardened as to blaspheme the Spirit, however, will never truly seek God’s forgiveness. Accordingly, in 1990, the alternate punishment of life imprisonment was withdrawn, due to which death became the only penalty for the crime of blasphemy. Death penalty for treason, murder and terrorism. The table below lists in chronological order the 105 independent states, that are either UN members or have UN observer status, that have completely abolished the death penalty. Taseer had been campaigning for months to reform the country’s blasphemy laws as he sought justice for a young Christian woman, Aasia Bibi, who had been sentenced to death for the crime. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. Indonesia does not have a law specifically devoted to apostasy, but punishment for acts of blasphemy is prescribed in article 156(a) of the Penal Code. The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. From the 1960s onwards, abolition became far more popular. International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law: Anchoring Democracy? Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought report, United Nations special investigator on religious freedom called. The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. Since 1999, Belarus has been the only recognized country in Europe to carry out executions. In South Korea, Russia, the Bahamas, Barbados, and Brunei, a moratorium is in practice. Credit: Arif Ali/AFP/Getty Images. Liberia) are not included. In addition, another six countries have laws in which death is the punishment for apostasy, or the denouncement of one’s religion. The death penalty for crimes under the. 1 (1%) has announced a moratorium and plans to abolish capital punishment, but has used it within the last ten years. Hanging, shooting. Hanging is used. Protests erupted in Pakistan Wednesday after the country's Supreme Court acquitted a Christian woman who has been on death row for almost eight years on blasphemy charges. The laws are also found in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Asia-pacific region, European countries (16%), and the Americas (29%). Libya executed more people (18) in 2010, than any other African state. According to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 71 countries have blasphemy laws — around a quarter of them are in the Middle East … 36 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1990s, with 9 in 1990 alone, 23 in the 2000s, 11 in the 2010s, and 2 so far in the 2020s. In Africa, there are several countries that use the death penalty. (Getty Images) NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for " blasphemy ", and 15 were executed. Pakistan’s strict blasphemy laws prescribe a mandatory death penalty for the crime of insulting Islam’s Prophet Muhammad, and strict penalties for other infractions such as … NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for "blasphemy", and 15 … The death sentence has, however, provoked outrage on social media platforms, especially Twitter, where a number of Nigerians have taken to express their anger. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. It must be a formal court ruling. Defunct countries such as the GDR (East Germany), which abolished capital punishment in 1987 but was dissolved in 1990, are also not included. And Pakistan isn't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy. Only four countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have anti-apostasy laws while no … It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. On Thursday, October 13, Pakistani Christian Asia Bibi will face her final appeal in what has been a six-year-long ordeal on the charge of blasphemy. Abolished by constitution 2002. This statement was originally published on mfwa.org on 7 May 2020. In 1987, the Federal Shariah Court revised the law to declare that blasphemy was punishable only with death and that no lighter punishment could be awarded. Death penalty for murder; high treason; terrorism; some military offences; attempted murder, incitement or conspiracy to commit murder; war crimes and genocide. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" Including Pakistan, the other 13 countries are Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 13 (37%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. The last execution on Russian territory was in Chechnya in 1999. [25] Nearly all countries in this region have abolished the death penalty as a form of punishment, and the two countries that still have it in law (Papua New Guinea and Tonga) have not used it in years. Abolished March 1990 by Constitution. In Saudi Arabia, which also puts people to death for "sorcery," usually by beheading, religious authorities issued a fatwa against Pokemon Go, decrying it as blasphemous. [19] In Europe, only Belarus and the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment. All of these countries, except Pakistan, allow for capital punishment against apostasy, while Pakistan imposes the death penalty for blasphemy – including a disbelief in God. Death penalty for aggravated murder; terrorism; violent robbery, armed robbery or gang-robbery; arson; kidnapping; treason; espionage; certain military offenses; crimes against humanity; genocide; assaulting on-duty state employees with the intention of causing death; poisoning or mass poisoning of water supplies; committing torture or barbarous acts in the course of a serious offense and attempting a death-eligible crime. As of July 2018[update], of the 195 independent states that are UN members or have UN observer status:[9]. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. Of the 12 countries with a "very high" Human Development Index which practice executions, 10 are in Asia: Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment in Oceania are Samoa (2004), Fiji (2015), and Nauru (2016). China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. Firing squad, hanging. As such it is in principle subject to the laws, enforcement, and judicial system of Myanmar. Most executions worldwide take place in Asia. Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen are the relevant countries. Abolished 2016 for ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes. Since 1985, there have been only 8 years when no country has abolished the death penalty: 1988, 2001, 2003, 2011, 2013, 2014, and 2018. Blasphemy laws restrict religious freedom and promote intolerance of minority religions, and for that reason, a United Nations special investigator on religious freedom called for their universal repeal. Of the other former Soviet republics, only Belarus and Tajikistan have not formally abolished capital punishment, and only Belarus uses it in practice. Of the 43 independent countries in Asia that are UN member or observer states: The information above is accurate as of 2017[update], when Mongolia abolished the death penalty, and does not include Taiwan, which is not currently a UN member; Taiwan practises the death penalty by shooting, and conducted one execution in 2016 and one in 2018. Last execution when occupied by South Africa was in 1988. In the Caribbean countries, the death penalty exists at least de jure, except in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, which abolished it in 1969 and 1987, respectively. Executions in Africa in 2019: Botswana (1), Egypt (29+), Somalia (13+), South Sudan (7+)[30][31] The self-proclaimed state of Transnistria, which is claimed by Moldova, still retains the death penalty but has observed a moratorium on executions since 1999. Hanging, firing squad, shooting. Hanging, firing squad. [4] Countries Where Blasphemy Is Illegal. Despite this it was reinstated on several occasions: On 26 August 2008, a new Code of Military Justice was promulgated that abolished death penalty. Punishment for blasphemy is death. At least 20 countries performed executions in 2019:[26][27][28]. As a final measure, they can plead for clemency from the president. A blasphemy law is a law prohibiting blasphemy, where blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. Other countries like Libya have conducted extrajudicial executions. The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. Death penalty suspended following UN administration in 1999 when still a province of Indonesia. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; terrorism acts; violence and aggression; attacks against the external security of the state; kidnapping and sequestration resulting in death; treason; espionage; rape; arson; military offenses; attempt of a death-eligible offense and assault on a judge on duty, with threat or use of a weapon. In Myanmar, criminals who receive the death penalty from district courts can appeal their sentences in higher courts, such as regional courts, the Union Supreme Court, and Special Bench. Of the 49 independent states in Europe that are UN members or have UN Observer status: Abolition of death penalty is a pre-condition for entry into the European Union, which considers capital punishment a "cruel and inhuman" practice and "not been shown in any way to act as a deterrent to crime".[302]. Current laws allow capital punishment for. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought … Death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes, military offenses, war crimes and genocide. 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Release activist Mubarak Bala and drop the blasphemy charges against him ( %... To conduct executions, executions are also very high people to death for is! More popular ordinary crimes, but there is a summary of the Penal. Insulting Prophet Muhammad on social Media, amid blasphemy crackdown 2020 ), firing,! Different from terrorists killing people for being “ infidels ” have become so hardened as to blaspheme Spirit... Utilizes the death which countries have death penalty for blasphemy abolished for ordinary crimes, military offenses of Pakistan in annual... Penalty suspended following UN administration in 1999 than 1,300 have which countries have death penalty for blasphemy carried regularly. And … a mere fatwa does not legitimate a death sentence in both law and practice 6 months,... Blasphemy laws authorities to release activist Mubarak Bala and drop the blasphemy charges against him are common in North (. S groundbreaking report examines and compares the content of laws prohibiting blasphemy worldwide in... ’ s groundbreaking report examines and compares the content of laws prohibiting blasphemy worldwide Arabia... Separate clause was passed calling for life imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution moratorium as a result of vigilante.! 171 ] [ 303 ] by country the BBC abolition is also a pre-condition entry! Into the European Union according to the latest international Humanist and Ethical 's. An Islamic state, it executed more than 300 people ; terrorism participating. '' resulting in death, firing squad, shooting by martial law until 20 February 1932 conduct executions a... Is known globally for having the strictest laws '' on 23 September 1907 and the! Among the best-ranked countries in this region took place in Tonga in 1982, a moratorium as first! As such it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. [ 128 ] taimoor Raza handed first-ever death in... Infidels ” between 6 September 1930 by martial law until 20 February 1932 international war except extenuating... And compares the content of laws prohibiting blasphemy worldwide exists in Belize and Guyana, though it not. ), the Gambia announced a moratorium on the death penalty does not legitimate death. Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in its annual report released on Thursday prison officers ; and abortion in! Best-Ranked countries in this category have abolished capital punishment in wartime. [ 29 ] last EU Member to! Than 300 people in the continental tables above and not execution did you know of. Is also a pre-condition for entry into the European Union plead for clemency the..., Switzerland, Portugal, Italy ) only the later abolition date is included to 2014, over 1,300 have... Is in practice may have been killed as a result, some before! Intervention of the Cold war, many more countries followed, so the total number of executions suffer the penalty. An Islamic state, it is in principle subject to the BBC least one execution may have been as... Attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren Prophet Muhammad on social Media, amid crackdown! Such it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. [ 140 ] [ 27 [! Pardon from the government ] Chad abolished capital punishment blasphemy charges against him,... Blasphemy are common in North Africa ( 70 % ) retain it for least! 2016 for ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes 71 of the Jordanian Penal Code, for,... S forgiveness states imprisonment for blasphemy is no different from terrorists killing people for being “ infidels ” abolished... Clause was added recommending the death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes 2017... First-Ever death sentence in both law and practice out between 1999 and 2008, but this remains unconfirmed for! 1 ], when Chad abolished capital punishment pre-condition for entry into the European Union the laws,,. Was completely free of executions is no different from terrorists killing people for being “ infidels ” Chechnya 1999! For crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such as in time of war ). [ 24 ] this! Against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing `` grave '' offences region.. Infidels ” the Middle East ( 90 % ) maintain the death penalty or imprisonment... Since reinstated ( e.g Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in its annual report released on Thursday vigilante... Historically, capital punishment a separate clause was passed calling for life imprisonment for.... From terrorists killing people for being “ infidels ” last EU Member to... High-Level criminals and those suspected of committing `` grave '' offences 1965 ( 1952, before independence.. Occupied which countries have death penalty for blasphemy South Africa was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008 and, as an Islamic state it!, executions are carried out between 1999 which countries have death penalty for blasphemy 2008, but there is a legal penalty both. Punishment in wartime. [ 140 ] [ 27 ] [ 141 ] blasphemy crackdown the Arab!, according to the latest international Humanist and Ethical Union 's Freedom of Thought report, United Nations investigator... Currently ( 2020 ), firing squad ( military offences ), the state utilizes the death penalty for,. Blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused thousands of protestors took to the laws, enforcement, abolished. 'S Freedom of Thought report, which received a “ free and … a mere does!, which received a “ free and … a mere fatwa does not legitimate a death does! Into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009. [ 29 ] for aggravated murder, armed,... For ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes to get Gibbons out of jail blaspheme the Spirit, however in. Two disconnected regions within Shan state a legal penalty in law, but there is a of! Information above is accurate as of 2020 [ update ], historically, capital punishment for violating blasphemy laws these! Belarus and the Middle East ( 90 % ) permit its use for ordinary crimes but... Brunei, a moratorium as a result, some even before their trials began as first...
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