Cotton, however, emerged as the antebellum South’s major commercial crop, eclipsing tobacco, rice, and sugar in … Rice was never grown as a cash crop in the Darlington area where Plumfield Plantation now produces Carolina Plantation Rice, but it was grown there in small plots by slaves who raised it for their own … The South Carolina rice planters were willing to pay higher prices for slaves from the "Rice Coast," the "Windward Coast," the "Gambia," and "Sierra-Leon"; and slave traders in Africa soon learned that South Carolina was an especially profitable market for slaves from those areas. The most widely known is Asian rice, Oryza sativa. SCETV's 1998 production, "When Rice was King," explores the history of South Carolina's rice plantations. Conduct Group Activity #2 using primary sources (Illustration - Negros on a Slave Plantation and Newspaper announcing arrival of West African slaves). Main Article Primary Sources (1) Moses Grandy, worked on a rice plantation in North Carolina.He wrote about his experiences in Life of a Slave (1843). New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1974. Slave trade and rice crop moved together. Students were asked to bring in primary sources that they had located to share with the class. In addition to being knowledgeable about the process of cultivating rice, West African peoples also had the advantage of being able to easily adapt to the moist Carolina climate and landscape. While such figuring must be used cautiously, the demand for slaves for the rice fields had to be sharp since many slaves in this period must have worked primarily to clear and ready new rice … 5. Unlike Carolina Gold, the versatile rice that until the Civil War was America’s primary rice crop, the hill rice hadn’t made Lowcountry plantation owners rich off the backs of slaves. Slavery has been the core of United State history: a topic that’s constantly brought up throughout our lifetime. Cotton had become king, replacing tobacco, sugar cane, and rice as major money making crops African rice often accompanied slave voyages. Pose the following discussions questions: 8. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Rice Fields. Distribute copies of the photos to each group and have the students use their observations to form a conjecture of slave life on a rice plantation, and discuss the implications of slave life on a rice plantation. The production of this crop required its workers to possess knowledge of the land and rice cultivation, as well a sufficient labor force able to maintain it. By 1860 out of a population in the South of about 12 million, slaves accounted for roughly one third, or 4 million. In Georgia and the Carolinas, rice became a lucrative crop, with many farmers emigrating from Barbados. The primary sources brought in by the students ranged from a black and white photo of one child’s great grandparents to an engraved handkerchief that belonged to one student’s great-great grandmother, to an actual poem that had been written by one student’s great uncle while he was away in Iraq. On the plantation, slaves usually had a house of their own for their families. Rice history has directed scholars to new geographical spaces, such as the provision gardens of the enslaved, while integrating contributions from archaeology, botany, geography, linguistics, and genomics. It upends the myth that they only provided labor, existing as less-than-human “hands” that uncomprehendingly carried out slaveholder directives. Students will use the information learned about the role of African slaves on South Carolina Rice Plantations to create a journal that contains at least 3 entries depicting the life of a slave living there. Europeans farmed various types of crops on their plantations: rice, tobacco, coffee, cotton, and sugar cane are just a few popular examples. Obviously, the cruelty of these slave owners has been documented throughout history and is condemned by modern readers, but how… The economic prosperity brought to Georgia through staple crops like rice and cotton meant an increasingly heavy dependence on slave … To assist fellow educators in the convenient location of primary sources, a copy of the list was distributed to the teachers who attended the professional development workshop that I conducted in January. Although the benefits of rice production were many for the planters of South Carolina plantation owners, these benefits were rarely experienced by the slaves who were responsible for this success. For slaves, the process of cultivating rice was a demanding and potentially life- threatening job that forced them to work tirelessly each day to complete the necessary tasks. ... Julia Floyd Smith, Slavery and Rice Culture in Low Country Georgia, 1750-1860 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1985). By 1712, rice farming had replaced cattle ranching as the lowcountry’s most important agricultural activity. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996). Rice arrived in America with European and African migrants as part of the so-called Columbian Exchange of plants, animals, and germs. The complex included everything from the main residence down to the pens for livestock.Southern plantations were generally self-sufficient settlements that relied on the forced labor of enslaved … Prior to teaching several units, I conducted a search of various internet sites available to assist in the retrieval of sources that were relevant to the content being covered. The recovery of African rice history dispels long-held beliefs that Africans contributed little to the global table and added nothing more than muscle to the agricultural history of the Americas. 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