For the standard poplar or yellow poplar tree, the lumber’s average hardness is typically 540 lb-ft. By contrast, the Eastern white pine is rated at 380 lbf, which is significantly lower or softer. Pine has an attractive rich color, ranging from yellow-gold to amber or red-brown. The hardness of poplar is about on par with that of pine or cedar, but the cellular structure gives it a much finer grain and more pleasing appearance than the more coarsely grained softwoods. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. It's also fairly soft (1 in hardness on a scale of 1 to 5), which makes it easy to work with. Western white pine gains a bit on the hardness scale, coming in at 420 lbf, but that is still a lot less than poplar. It is so easy to work and has quite good figuring. It would be interesting to know how those two fruit trees stack up. Not only does the hardness effect how a wood will accept stain (harder woods tend to accept stains better and more evenly) but also the natural color of the wood. Again, this is a very general overview. So if you’re curious about comparative hardness, you first need to determine the type of pine you’re talking about. Although pine is sturdy and heavy, it’s not as heavy as oak. For example, poplar is technically a hardwood, but it is softer than some kinds of pine, which is a softwood. The resilience of wood is typically measured with something known as a Janka scale. That is, the wood maintains its size when exposed to different temperatures and humility levels. Also curious as to the hardness of huckleberry. So if you’re leaning towards making pine furniture, you’ll be shopping for yellow or white pine lumber. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs What about blackthorn(Prunus spinosa)? We’ll break it down for you. Pine has a yellow coloring with brown knots and is excellent for staining. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Hardness Chart Hardness Chart Acacia 1,750 lbs In many cases, it’s even cheaper than poplar. Fuzzing is caused by tension wood which is found in many or most hardwoods, but is indeed an issue with yellow pine and aspen. every one knows that red oak is indeed hard, has a wonderfull grain paterns, and if finished properly, it will last a life time. You can also finish off the furniture you’re building with a nice coat of polyurethane. Poplar is a fast growing tree found in Canada and in the US. Birch has pink undertones. Soft: Cypress, alder, hemlock, white pine, basswood and poplar (commonly used for paint-grade cabinets but medium density fiberboard - MDF - is a much better choice since it is much harder, about 1200 on the Janka scale -similar to oak - versus 540 for poplar) In some cases, if you’re looking for a rarer type of pine, you may be out of luck. They are about the same hardness. by Eric Meier. Alder on the other hand is usually very consistent as far as its weight is concerned from piece to piece. Either poplar or pine will work, but they each have their own advantages. Be aware that some kinds of pine will tend to splinter and crack when they are dry, while other types of pine, such as the Southern yellow pine, tend to have a lot of sap. But which one is better to work with? It looks like the most common that I see is the harder of the two (1360). Not quite. Thus, Sugar Pine is frequently found in millwork, wood stencils, and templates. Pine is tough and shock-resistant. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Knotty Pine: 420 It is a soft, lightweight wood with a straight grain and fine texture. Wenge is there, but Black Limba and White Limba (Korina) are VERY common tonewoods that I didn’t see on here. Poplar is a wood species commonly used in a variety of woodworking projects. We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. If you’re thinking about poplar vs. pine trim for your home, that’s a completely different story than if you are debating poplar vs. pine for furniture. The radiata pine, however, is significantly harder, with a rating of 710 lbf, and the Southern yellow pine (longleaf variety) is even better at a super-hard 870 lbf. White Pine. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. Janka hardness. But i would 5hink maybe 300.The less strenth is Bolas only 100 lb feet janka hardness. It also provides a delightful glossy lacquered look which many users enjoy. It is a light to medium weight hardwood, which means that it blends durability with mobility. For the purposes of this guide, we’ll focus on the two most common kinds, which are regular white pine and yellow pine. If that’s the aesthetic you want, go for it. Poplar and soft maple are often used for painted work because they provide an excellent surface and a bit more hardness than pine. Some wood species are spelled in unique ways, and to the best of our knowledge, all species listed below are spelled correctly. Specializing in building and renovating homes, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002. Even poplar, with its straighter and narrower grain, is typically painted when it is used as molding or trim. Make sure to use poly or shellac for that. In previous decades, heart pine was sometimes used for the beams or floor joists in such buildings. Because poplar is not the most beautiful wood, it’s rarely used in fine furniture, and if it is, it’s almost always painted. It grows much larger here in Florida than further north. Sugar Pine. During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. Some types of harder pine can make beautiful trim, include lovely crown molding. admin says: August 4, 2011 at 9:22 pm Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Jabon Window casings and door trim can look quite charming when they’re done with stained pine finished with shellac, as long as you’re okay with that cozy cabin look. It is important to note that Janka hardness does not take into account wood density nor weight. What about LIME, not with a gin, (which is nice). Curious about the difference between various types of wood? As you begin working with wood, you will likely notice that two of the cheaper, softer, commonly used woods are poplar and pine. Some additional considerations involve the sourcing of the wood. Pine is cheaper than several other types of wood, including oak. Poplar is one of the less expensive hardwoods. How about Brazilian Goncalo Alves a beautiful wood which is very hard and I”ve used for fret boards. Scientific name: Neolamarckia Cadamba Larch: 590. Softwoods are evergreen, meaning that they keep all their leaves even during the coldest of times. Pine is a softer wood and more prone to damage, but accepts stain very well. Remember to keep the trim of a space in scale with the size and shape of the room. Part of the final color shade will depend on the type of stain and shellac that you use. Poplar. Outdoor Living Spaces. Knotty pine's rustic charm can be contributed to the knots that tend to be small and tight and are prevalent throughout the wood. That’s why we would recommend using poplar or another wood, rather than pine. While poplar and yellow poplar have essentially the same hardness, but there are many different types of pine, and they vary widely in terms of hardness. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Though it’s quite abundant in the northeast, it’s minimal rot resistance makes it … Poplar is often found in furniture and cabinets, but it's not commonly used … Knotty pine is known for a subdued grain pattern that can vary in color from a creamy light yellow to a more mid-tone yellow. The finer and more detailed the project, the harder and more expensive the wood you will need for it. A hickory staircase really completes a home with hickory floors and cabinets. Curious about the tree that ranks highest of all the trees, not just the pines? Poplar tends to be somewhat easier to work with since it’s lighter and has fewer knots and less sap. Hickory is an amazing wood that has strength and toughness, hardness and stiffness, as well as being dense and solid. Want to Find Out if This Will Work with Your Bass. Also, white pine handles well with both hand tools & power tools. Though they may not be the strongest types of pine, they are fairly easy to work with, and they yield a sturdy, attractive result. That is, the wood maintains its size when exposed to different temperatures and humility levels. We would require to evaluate the hardness of wood, as wood is used in various uses such as furnitures and other industrial uses. As you look for places to purchase your pine or poplar, consider where the seller is getting their lumber. And when we’re talking about the white pine and yellow pine most commonly used for furniture, they are also fairly softwoods. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). Trim is thinner than furniture and requires more machining to get it just right visually. Also note that we’ve not yet included all the woods from the last chart listed; those will be inserted below soon. Poplar may be a bit blotchy to stain, as we will discuss in the next section, but it is much easier to machine, especially if you’re looking for a nice crisp finish. . Mora aka Nato aka Eastern Mahogany. Poplar is a medium-density wood with low-bending, shock resistance, stiffness, and compression values. Are you planning to build a piece of furniture, such as a desk, chair, table, bookcase, or dresser? The hardness and strength factors will differ a bit if you are considering Douglas fir vs. eastern white pine or Ponderosa pine vs. Douglas fir. For the same reasons master craftsmen have used it for centuries, poplar was commonly used as a secondary wood (inner frame) of fine furniture due to its stability, lack of knots and strength. Knots will dull cutter knives faster. Another factor for the cost is whether or not that type of wood is native to your area. Though this is one of the softest wood species on our list, it packs one of the highest strength to hardness ratios. 5 Residential Design Trends in Hardwood; Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls; For the Love of Wood; From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home Depending upon what kind of pine it is, movement/shrinkage may also be more of a factor as many sources don't dry it in the same way that hardwoods are dried...pine is most often considered construction lumber in that respect and is much "wetter" when … Seems more and more guitars are coming out in this wood…. If you’re not sure about how to scale the trim correctly to the various spaces in your home, consider hiring a designer to help you out, since the finishes are so important to the final look of your home. yards. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolamarckia_cadamba. Pine is more decorative rustic look with its various knots, but prone to warping and other movement. You’ll usually see pine used for rustic furniture, like that found in a mountain cabin, a beach house, or a farmhouse. MAIN USES Light construction, furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, paneling, moulding and millwork, edge-glued panels, turnings, and carvings. These knots can eventually leak some sap, and if they are not sealed, that can be awkward and sticky. The resilience of wood is typically measured with something known as a Janka scale. https://www.talkbass.com/threads/sterling-by-music-man-sub-ray4-and-ray5-part-2.1039748/page-21 Are you new to doing your own woodworking projects? Don’t know how hard it is, but I’ll let you how it sounds when I’ve finished the build. With some stains, a sealer helps prepare the wood to achieve a more even look. The list below is sorted by hardness, softest to lightest. I think Radiata is slightly harder than white pine. Found throughout the Pacific Northwest, this giant species of pine is known for its dimensional stability. Birch has pink undertones. Hardness of alder is 590 pounds, aspen 350, hard maple 1450, soft maple red 950, soft maple silver 700, and yp 540. Blue ash has the highest Janka rating at 2,030, with a specific gravity of 0.58. A tabletop made of pine will have much deeper dents than a tabletop made of Oak. For example, certain species of Ash are inconsistent where one piece may be heavy while another may be light in weight. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). Poplar is a fairly soft, porous wood. Poplar has green undertones. true southern yellow pine is harder than poplar, but is very hard to get in a clear grade these days. Janka Hardness: 2,300 lbf. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. This wood density chart gives you the wood density for woods of all types of trees. Control MC with either poplar. New Ideas, Natural Looks; Throughout the Home. How Dense/Hard is Poplar Wood? Are they environmentally conscious, focused on planting new trees, and preserving habitats? The poplar is my choice. As we have said, poplar machines better than pine. However, the terms hardwood and softwood don’t necessarily dictate whether a tree’s lumber is comparatively soft or hard in terms of density. Are they working with companies that are careful about over-harvesting? Not only does the hardness effect how a wood will accept stain (harder woods tend to accept stains better and more evenly) but also the natural color of the wood. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Anthocephalus_(PROSEA) Found throughout the Pacific Northwest, this giant species of pine is known for its dimensional stability. White Oak has the most neutral undertones. How Dense/Hard is Poplar Wood? by Eric Meier. However, it may be a tad more susceptible to temperature changes and effects, so be aware that it isn’t really the best choice for furniture that you plan to use outdoors. Type above and press Enter to search. Douglas Fir: 660. He also holds a bachelor's degree in English from Iowa University. I take that to mean that seasoned wood, with the same moisture content, will be pound for pound equivalent in terms of heating value but you may need to burn to 2-3x pine vs hickory. Poplar has green undertones. The best way to avoid that ugly blotchiness is to pre-condition the wood. any info on that wood. It is important to note that Janka hardness does not take into account wood density nor weight. All that to say—pine is typically cheaper, but in some cases, you may want to throw down the extra cash and choose poplar. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. Trim is an important part of the finished look of your home. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. This wood density chart gives you the wood density for woods of all types of trees. If you’re set on having stained pine trim, keep in mind that its final look is going to be a bit blockier and more rustic. Hardwoods are deciduous trees, which means that they shed all their leaves once a year, prior to the cold season. In the same way, there are also a number of varieties of fir, including hemlock fir, which can affect your decision differently if you are thinking about hem fir vs. pine. This serves as a final seal, securing the wood against spills, moisture, and damage. During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. Keep in mind, as we mentioned before, that there are many varieties of pine. Janka Hardness: Pine woods can vary widely in hardness from species to species. Confused? If you’re DIYing the furniture, definitely consider adding a coat of poly to get a professional look. Sterling Ray4 and 5 http://www.globalspecies.org/ntaxa/1087381, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Anthocephalus_(PROSEA), https://www.talkbass.com/threads/sterling-by-music-man-sub-ray4-and-ray5-part-2.1039748/page-21, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolamarckia_cadamba. The scale ranges from about 70 being the rating for balsa wood (softest) to 5060 being the rating for Australian Buloke (hardest). With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. It’s the Australian Buloke, at 5,060 lbf. AVAILABILITY Very widely available. How about also listing which are protected or no longer available. For the standard poplar or yellow poplar tree, the lumber’s average hardness is typically 540 lb-ft. By contrast, the Eastern white pine is rated at 380 lbf, which is significantly lower or softer. A house with small rooms and lower ceilings will look more crowded and small if you use large, wide trim pieces in a darker color. The Caribbean Heart Pine is close to first place, at 1280 lbf. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. Sugar Pine. I can’t find pear or peach tree wood anywhere. Would that be considered and if so where would it be on the scale? Because of their softer nature, porosity, and grain texture, both pine and poplar tend to be very blotchy when you stain them. Wood strength, including the relationship between grain direction and strength, specific gravity as an indication of wood strength, and additional ways to measure wood strength. Because of its soft nature, poplar may give you slightly more blurred edges than another type of hardwood, but it’s still better than pine. We’ve tried in our best effort to get this list as complete as possible, but of course there will probably be a few species missing. Typically used in making shillelaghs. Resources: http://www.globalspecies.org/ntaxa/1087381 The grain of pine is slightly more likely to telegraph through the paint job. In this guide, we’ll talk poplar vs. pine and go through some pros and cons for both, specifically with regards to hardness, price, and use. Janka: 600 The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. There’s quite a range in density and strength when it comes to the Pinus genus. For example, certain species of Ash are inconsistent where one piece may be heavy while another may be light in weight. It would be helpful to determine the density (hardness) technically. Western white pine gains a bit on the hardness scale, coming in at 420 lbf, but that is still a lot less than poplar. Ther are fewer knots and it mills well. Additionally, you can always try the “fingernail test” as a rough hardness indicator: find a crisp edge of the wood, and with your fingernail try to push in as hard as you can and see if you’re able to make a dent in the wood. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. Poplar is harder wood, but is difficult to stain, so painting is a better option with poplar. Trim also includes baseboards and crown molding. Spanish Cedar: 600. White Oak is in there twice with two different measures. If not, please let us know by posting a comment. Alder (Red) 590. Not quite. It’s also fairly soft (1 in hardness on a scale of 1 to 5), which makes it easy to work with. The scale being used is the Janka scale, developed by Gabriel Janka. The pine has more resins to be sealed in with primer/sealer by the painters. and if you can get some, it can actually cost you more than walnut! Sometimes you can obtain some of this beautiful, magnificent wood from older buildings that are being taken down or remodeled. It is commonly considered the cheapest wood used in furniture. The wood is pliable, but tough and hard wearing. Poplar doesn’t dent as easily as pine does. I would at guess say it should be 400 foot lb the lowest grade stretch wood a pint called poplar, but because MDF is cheaper than we by around 17% i guess 400 may be optermistic and could be around 340 Lb feet hank retest hardness. 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