2. An endemic species of the dry Mountain Plover. SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR MOUNTAIN PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MONTANUS) IN WYOMINGprepared by HAMILTON SMITH 1 AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH 2 1 Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, University of Wyoming, 1000 E. University Ave, Dept. The Migratory Bird Program is responsible for maintaining healthy migratory bird populations for the benefit of the American people. Clutch size in this species is normally three eggs, ... During the 1994 breeding season we surveyed Mountain Plover use of contiguous cultivated and native-prairie sites in Weld County, Colorado. The chicks usually fledge and are able to fly well when they are 33 to 36 days old. Average Mountain Plover density was 4.47 ± 0.55 (SE) birds/km2. 44.5-49.5 cm. These birds vary from species to species, each of which has different plumage with a variety of colors and patterns. Mountain plover Synonyms Eupoda montana Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits Maximum longevity 10 years (wild) Source ref. REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT: Mountain plovers nest in sparsely vegetated habitats such as short-grass prairies, sage brush, and semi-desert but also will nest on fallow and recently plowed ground. The largest species is less than a foot lon… Its back and top of head is brown; its forehead is white. Chicks are mobile within a few days of hatching and move away from the nest site. In order to attract a female, male Mountain plovers try hard performing various courtship displays. Details: Plover similar in size to Killdeer. Range Size Population Size Range Trend Population Trend Threats 0 5 10 7.5 10 15 10 100 50 0 100 Kilometers? COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus in Canada (2009) (2010-09-03) The Mountain Plover is a medium-sized shorebird, about the size of a Killdeer, but with longer legs and more erect posture. This may create a "reproductive sink" for the species, where mortality on the cultivated lands is greater than the number of birds produced. Mountain plovers often are associated with prairie-dog colonies or other forms of surface disturbance such as areas of cattle concentrations. Differential parental care by adult Mountain Plovers, Charadrius montanus . A trim, elegant plover. DESCRIPTION: The mountain plover is about the size of a killdeer. Dinsmore, S.J. Mountain Plover … Knopf, F. L. 1996. In the next 2 or 3 days, the family usually moves 1-2 kilometers (0.6-1 miles) from the nest site to a good feeding area, often near a water tank for livestock. Fish and Wildlife Service to work with Fritz L. Knopf. + + * * + + + + + Water Bodies County Boundaries Current Winter Range Historic Extralimital Record Recent Extralimital Record? They have long, erect legs. The piping plover is a small, sand-colored, migratory shorebird that is listed as threatened or endangered throughout its range. ... Mountain Plover … At CMR, courtship, locomotion and maintenance activities decreased with increased temperature on a daily and seasonal basis (Olson 1984). View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Breeding begins in March or April. Categories. It's about the same size as the many nearby killdeer but it's plain brown. The Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) is a shorebird of conservation concern that breeds in disturbed areas of the Great Plains and Great Basin. Its back and top of head is brown; its forehead is white. Mou ntain plover is the endemic plover of the shortgrass prairie. Continue reading “Beaks ... Mountain Plover. During the breeding season, a distinct black line can be seen from the base of bill to eye. 2003, p. 1024). Coues, E. 1874. Antelope Coal Company, Nerco Coal Corporation, P.O. Mountain Plover – Unlike most of these birds, which usually live along beaches and shores, Mountain Plovers live in meadows and fields in high elevations. Mountain plover sighted in Kimball County. Females that mate with several males have several male tended nests in one breeding season. The Mountain Plover is a medium–sized shorebird, about the size of a Killdeer, but with longer legs and more erect posture. If the eggs survive various dangers, especially such predators as coyotes, snakes, and swift foxes, they hatch in 28 to 31 days, and the hatchlings leave the nest within a few hours. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with In winter, the face is plain, making the dark eyes conspicuous. A study of the same Phillips County population estimated annual rates of recruitment and population change (Dinsmore et al. In appearance it is typical of Charadrius plovers, except that unlike most, it has no band across the breast. Endangered Species Act (ESA) and then subsequently proposed for listing as a threatened species. Mortality also occurs from hail, aircraft strikes and overheating. ... Mountain Plover. They bow, fan their tail, lower the head, and may also perform elegant 'butterfly' and 'falling leaf' displays. The nesting territory must have a bare round with short, sparse vegetation. The Mountain Plover is 8 to 9.5 inches long and weighs about 3.7 ounces . 2 Changes in number of mountain plover nests located on a plague-affected prairie dog colony during 1998–2006 on the Pawnee National Grassland, Colorado Landscape Ecol (2008) 23:689–697 691 123 Mountain Plover is a U.S. Winters primarily in California on plowed fields, heavily grazed annual grasslands, or burned fields. This is a potentially substantial omission Mountain plover food items on and adjacent to a prairie dog town. The Mountain-Prairie Region consists of 8 states in the heart of the American west including Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. Differential parental care by adult Mountain Plovers, Charadrius montanus . Mountain plovers disperse widely during the winter months. It's also nicknamed “Prairie Ghost” for its habit of freezing in place when threatened, blending perfectly into its grassy surroundings. Generally forage on breeding territory but occasionally visit neutral feeding areas. This, coupled with the fact that Mountain Plovers are thought to show fidelity to … (2005). Average Mountain Plover … Mountain plovers breed in North America from extreme southeastern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan to northern New Mexico and the Texas panhandle, as well as an isolated site in the Davis Mountains of West Texas. Its upperparts are generally uniformly sandy-brown and its underparts white. Loss of these areas because of crop planting or the removal of prairie dogs, is the biggest threat to the mountain plover's population. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Refuge System's 560-plus refuges cover more than 150 million acres and protect nearly 1,400 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Created in 1903 by President Theodore Roosevelt, today's National Wildlife Refuge System protects habitats and wildlife across the country, from the Alaskan tundra to subtropical wetlands. The Mountain Plover is a plain brown wading bird with white under parts and a sandy-buff wash across the breast. It is similar in size and There are black feathers on the forecrown and a black stripe from each eye to the bill ; otherwise the plumage is plain. My interest in Mountain Plovers dates back to 1991, when I accepted a job as a field technician for the U.S. During mating, the male will set territory and perform displays to attract a female. The Mountain plover is a medium-sized ground bird. It has a light brown back, a dark brown cap on top of the head and a lighter colored breast. In my study of nest survival (n > 1,600 nests) I have learned that nests tended by male plovers have greater survival than those tended by females. Description: Size: 21-23 cm in length with a 45-50 cm wingspan, weighing 100-105 g. Plumage: Sandy brown overall. Mou ntain plover is the endemic plover of the shortgrass prairie. Given the plover's fidelity to breeding grounds and the dwindling population size, information on the genetic diversity of the population is needed for proper long-term management decisions to be made. Others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and Mountain Plover in spring grasses. breeding in the state. During the mating season, female Mountain plovers often visit the territories of several males before they select a suitable partner. Estimates of mountain plover population size range from 12,500 to 28,000 individuals across their current range. Mountain Plover. Population Status. Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) distribution and abundance have been reduced drastically in the past 30 years and the conversion of shortgrass prairie to agriculture has caused breeding populations to become geographically isolated. During fall migration, frequents landscapes on the southern plains similar to those used during breeding and wintering. The understated, elegant sandy plumage of the Mountain Plover blends perfectly with its pale shortgrass and desert surroundings—when alarmed, this bird often simply sits down and disappears. In 2009, the national abundance of Mountain Plover, based on cumulative data, was estimated to be between 15,000–20,000 birds 13. Eggs: Average 3 eggs, but can have 1–4; oval-shaped; drab light olive to olive-buff; rarely pinkish-buff; finely speckled or scrawled with black or gray marks. Nesting areas are associated with bare ground (~30%) and flat or slight slope (~ 5%). 211 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). Little is known about their movements at this time, although they are regularly seen around Walsh, Colorado, and on sod farms in central New Mexico. Typical plover activity of walking fast and stopping. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Mountain plover is around 15,000-20,000 individuals, roughly equivalent to 10,000-14,000 mature individuals. Fish & Wildlife Service Fish and Aquatic Conservation Program in the Mountain-Prairie Region helps conserve, protect, and enhance aquatic resources and provides economically valuable recreational fishing to anglers across the country. We invite you to learn more about and visit the national wildlife refuges and wetland management districts in Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. Canadian Field-Naturalist 119:532–536. Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on The IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. This single-family home is located at 18724 Mountain Plover Cir, Anchorage, AK. In 2003 the mountain plover was removed from the list of species proposed for listing. DESCRIPTION: The mountain plover is about the size of a killdeer. They have long, erect legs. Up close, the mountain plover is quite handsome, with a pale beige body and a coffee-colored stripe across its eyes. In 2009, the national abundance of Mountain Plover, based on cumulative data, was estimated to be between 15,000–20,000 birds 13. They feed on ground-dwelling invertebrates like grasshoppers, beetles, crickets, and ants. They will also eat some seeds. "Prairie Ghost" is their nickname as they disappear from view by facing away from an observer and squatting motionless. 445 Sample size Medium Data quality Acceptable Observations. The species is patchily distributed … 2005. Mountain plovers are gregarious birds and often spend time in loose flocks, especially in winter. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA. Swift and graceful in flight, probably one of the fastest fliers among shorebirds, and with good reason: it migrates every year from Arctic Alaska and Canada to southern South America. Olson, S.L. In 2005, we located 56 Gunnison's prairie dog colonies and determined the status, colony size, and population density of 33 … But with a great number of prairie dogs eliminated throughout their range, mountain plover habitat has also been severely restricted. Eggs: Average 3 eggs, but can have 1–4; oval-shaped; drab light olive to olive-buff; rarely pinkish-buff; finely speckled or scrawled with black or gray marks. Title Mountain Plover Range - CWHR B159 [ds1463] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. Federal Register 64:7587-7601. Upright posture, brownish back and head, white underneath. Other important threats include hunting, human disturbances, mining activities, and pollution. The main predators on eggs are coyotes (Canis latrans) and swift fox (Vulpes velox). In fact, plovers come back each spring to their breeding grounds, and so the wrong name Mountain plover was given to the species. They are rarely found near water. In addition, livestock grazing practices that encourage taller grasses and forbs eliminate mountain plover habitat. POPULATION LEVEL: Current population less than 10,000 and has declined by 50 percent since 1966, according to 30 years of Breeding Bird Survey data, which is the highest rate of decline of any other grassland bird. 1999. The brood usually moves one to two km from the nest site in the first two to three days (Knopf and Rupert 1996). They forage by day in a typical for plovers run-and-stop method. The mountain plover belongs to the order Charadriiformes, the shorebirds, and the family Charadriidae, along with the killdeer and several other plovers. Mountain plovers communicate with the help of variable calls, often low-pitched trilled or gurgling whistles. The size of the adult mountain plover population closely tracked annual changes in the area occupied by black-tailed prairie dogs (Dinsmore et al. It has a statewide abundance rank of uncommon and also appears to be uncommon within suitable environments in conservation! 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