Cercocarpus montanus Native to the Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico. For more information about these species see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". Can be pruned for an evergreen hedge. Medicinal uses include treating burns and rashes from a powder grond from the wood. Cercocarpus betuloides is a shrub or small tree growing from 3 feet (0.91 m) to 30 feet (9.1 m). Of the three Cercocarpus species found in the Four Corners states, C. ledifolius is by far the most robust, tallest, and thickest of stem, and it is also the least common. Wetland Status. Cercocarpus, commonly known as mountain mahogany, is a small genus of at least nine species of nitrogen-fixing flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. They are native to the western United States and northern Mexico, where they grow in chaparral and … Deciduous. It has the ability to fix nitrogen and generally considered of great value in re-vegetation. Name: Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus Betuloides)Family: Rose (Roseaceae) Flowering Season: March thru May Notes: A native shrub or tree, it has tough, waxy leaves which help retain moisture during dry periods. Hardy to -40°F Maximum Elevation: 9,000 Feet The Narrow-leaf Mountain Mahogany Leaf Miner: Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae: Coptodisca cercocarpella Braun Narrow leaf mountain mahogany (AKA curl-leaf or desert mahogany), Cercocarpus ledifolius Nuttall., is a western US native shrub or small tree that grows in desert areas. Branches are loose and open on a rounded habit. Mountain mahoganies are evergreen, with shiny dark green leaves covered in fine hairs. Its branches are incised and muscular in appearance from the side. Certainly, a shrubby little tree like curlleaf mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus ledifolius) isn’t going to catch our eye if we’re racing past along the trail. Leaves are russet colored and plumed tails emerge from the seed heads in fall. Funnel shaped yellow flowers in the spring are followed by persistent feathery seed heads. Interpreting Wetland Status. Its use in landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but it is increasing in popularity. It is hard so the Navahos make dice from it. Evergreen shrub for sun or part shade, grows to 15 feet. This species is hard to transplant, older yamadori specimens can have wonderful deadwood rivaling Western junipers. Its small size, mountainous location, and extreme density put this wood out of practical reach. Small, wedge-shaped, dark green leaves grow in a dense branching pattern on Mountain Mahogany-- this 6-20 ft. shrub or small tree. In cross section they appear lobed. Members of the rose family, they are identified most easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit. Interpreting Wetland Status. Three varieties of mountain mahogany grow in Texas. Wetland Status. This is an excellent browse plant for deer and elk. Many Native American groups use the bark for medicinal purposes. Mountain Mahogany is relatively new species being used for Bonsai and there is little information available. Expect prices to be fairly high for a domestic hardwood. The Goshute, Paiute, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used it as a dressing for burns. Plant Description California Mountain Mahogany - Cercocarpus betuloides - prefers dry areas in the foothills and mountains of California. Cercocarpus ledifolius is known as curl-leaf mountain mahogany because the margins of the leaves curl toward the leaf mid-rib. Its nondescript white spring flowers are followed by feathery, silver-white fruits from May to November. The leaves of most common species, the alder-leaf mountain mahogany (C. montanus), are 1 inch long, roughly elliptical, and have serrated edges. Spring. Habitat is dry mountain slopes, or grassland areas in coniferous forests. Very small yellow flowers turn into white, feathery seedheads … They are dark green and glabrous above but pale and often sparsely hairy beneath. Mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus) Fruit is a tiny, hard seed topped by a feathery tail. to 15ft., usually less and it can be held at any height with pruning. and many varieties are now recognized, such as: C. m. var. Cercocarpus ledifolius can vary in form from a small shrub just a few feet high to a tree up to 30 feet. Hardy. By LeeAnn Kriegh. It has small, leathery, dark green leaves that stay on the plant over the winter. They are followed by seeds with beautiful feathery tails. It is the only broadleaf evergreen tree in the Intermountain West, and as argenteus, Silverleaf Mountain-mahogany C. m. var. It holds its leaves in the winter better than C. montanus, but the latter has larger flat (and, to some eyes, more attractive) leaves. The handles of Navaho distaffs are made of this wood probably because it does not splinter easily. Trees live their lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them. True Mountain Mahogany grows throughout the mountainous parts of New Mexico at elevations ranging from 1200-3000 m. The original collection of the genus Cercocarpus was near the city of Mexico by Humboldt and Bopland in the 1500's. Leaves and young fresh growth is favored by wildlife. The alternate, spoon-shaped leaves, 1-3 cm long, have short petioles, serrated margins on the upper half, and blunt tips. Mountain Mahogany has attractive dark green foliage with white undersides. Sow seed in fall or soak seed 8 hours … The mountain mahogany loses its leaves during the hot, dry season to conserve water. The glossy pointy leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. Very drought tolerant handsome shrub. This plant has no children Legal Status. Mountain-mahogany is a shrub that reaches up to 2 m high and has smooth, gray or brown bark. Cercocarpus Kunth – mountain mahogany Species: Cercocarpus intricatus S. Watson – littleleaf mountain mahogany Subordinate Taxa. Some controversy exists on the taxonomy of Cercocarpus, the so-called True Mountain-mahogany is now considered Cercocarpus montanus Raf. Curry Donaldson Agro / Hort 100G Spring 2002. intricatus (little-leaf mountain mahogany, narrowleaf mahogany,:3 dwarf mountain mahogany:152) is a variety of Cercocarpus ledifolius that is commonly known as little-leaf mountain mahogany. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. CEROCARPUS LEDIFOLIUS (Curl Leaf Mountain Mahogany) Native to the Great Basin this is an outstanding evergreen shrub-small tree 6ft. Leaves are dark green above, covered with a dense wool below, simple, alternate, obovate to elliptic, serrate, 3/4" to 1" long, 1/4" to 1/2" wide. The Navahos use the twigs with their white flowers as prayer sticks. Distribution: Birchleaf mountain-mahogany likes the dry foothills and lower mountain slopes of the Coast Ranges and the Sierra Nevadas - but in the southern portion of its range it also grows eastward into Arizona. A Cercocarpus ledifolius in Calpine, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. Our Products >> Shrubs Over Six Feet >> True Mountain Mahogany CERCOCARPUS MONTANUS, True Mt. Leaves are curled at the edges. My house, May 1, 2013. The leaves are simple and often more than 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins. This is a large, densely-branching shrub or a tree which may reach 10 meters in height. Curl-leaf mountain mahogany Description: Curl-leaf mountain mahogany is a marvelous large shrub to small tree that would look good in any ornamental landscape, but is especially adapted for low-water landscapes. This species is particularly common across the Sierra Nevada in California, and is also found in most other mountainous regions of the West; it is notable for its slow growth rate and long life… Range: occurs throughout the western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and south to Texas. Cercocarpus ledifolius (Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany) Rosaceae (Rose Family) Semi-desert. Its leathery, sticky, dark green leaves are up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and the edges may curl under. Related Links. A compact evergreen shrub or small tree with shaggy red bark. Related Links. Leaf. Some guides refer to this a Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany because the leaves are similar to birch and alder. Young smooth, white bark becomes thick, brown and deeply furrowed in older plants. One outstanding feature of the curl-leaf mountain mahogany is the feathery white plumes that attach to the seeds. Humans have found good uses for Curl-Leaf Mountain Mahogany for a long time. glaber, Birchleaf Mountain-mahogany Native to dry mountain slopes of the Western United States. Its light green, wedge-shaped leaves have furry undersides. Curl-leaf mountain mahogany is a drought-tolerant, large, bushy shrub or small tree native to the foothills of the western US. curl-leaf mountain mahogany Cercocarpus montanus alderleaf mountain mahogany Cercocarpus traskiae Catalina Island mountain mahogany Legal Status. curl-leaf mountain mahogany Habit: densely branched, upright and slow growing evergreen shrub/tree with one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances. This native shrub ranges in size from three to more than six meters in height (10 to 20 or more feet). Small turning blanks are occasionally seen for sale. blancheae, Island Mountain-mahogany C. m. var. They have very small and different shaped leaves depending on what variety of tree you have. Pricing/Availability: Mountain Mahogany is in not rare, but is very seldom harvested for lumber. It has thin grey-green leaves with beautiful bark. The leaves are thick and curled under, and the fruits have one long (2-3 inch) feather-like plume. Mountain mahogany is a common native shrub of the foothills around Colorado Springs. Leaves are small and alternate, but commonly grow on spur shoots. Can reach 20 feet The small, yellowish-white flowers are not very showy, but have a pleasant sweet smell. Cercocarpus ledifolius is a species of mountain mahogany known by the common name curl-leaf mountain mahogany. The curl-leaf mountain mahogany is often compared with the olive tree in rugged appearance and longevity, giving the landscape a distinct Mediterranean appearance. They can be deciduous or persistent and can have smooth or toothed edges. Native shrub that adds much interest to the landscape whether it be on a xeric theme or not, The foliage is held throughout the year. Cercocarpus ledifolius var. Mountain mahoganies are semi-evergreen, with thick, shiny dark green leaves that are dark on top with a fuzzy silver underside. Shrublands. Mahogany 1 gallon A perennial shrub found on dry and sunny slopes at …
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