Liberian Pidgin English (LPE): In the case of Singler’s (1982) taxonomy Liberian Pidgin English is described as the “least standard-like” or the most highly pidginized variety. See population estimates, location, and other details for Liberian English, plus: 7,458 profiles on every other language in … It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. Language Use. 5) Copula (forms of “be”) are simplified and often absent (example- “He be my mother”; “He old”). Man wey naked no dey put hand for pocket Given this heavy adoption of the first language, it is often associated or seen as a characteristic of a person’s education level (we should be reminded that the varieties of Liberian English are heavily raced and classed). These five factors include: In the case of Singler’s (1982) taxonomy Liberian Pidgin English is described as the “least standard-like” or the most highly pidginized variety. Kpelle-Health, Sickness, and Wellness Part 2, Kpelle- History and Brief Intro. [4], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liberian_Kreyol_language&oldid=989268343, English-based pidgins and creoles of Africa, All Wikipedia articles written in Liberian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:43. A country on the Atlantic coast of West Africa; population 4,500,000 (estimated 2015); languages, English (official), English-based pidgin; capital, Monrovia. It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. English might be the official language, but in a country with well over 250 other local languages, Pidgin was developed to aid communication among people from different parts of the country, … These five factors lead to “less standard-like speech” (p.16). The love of liberty brought us here (English) Anthem "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!" Liberian English is a term used to refer to the varieties of English spoken in Liberia. My Pidgin English Channel is now Live!Due to popular demand.. It’s finally here!My pidgin English Channel. The Krumen tradition dates back to the end of the eighteenth century. LPE is often broken down into two subtypes, “Kru Pidgin English” (“Krumen” and “Kru” which refers broadly to sea or crewmen) and “Soldier English” (historically refers to individuals who joined the military or Firestone plantation despite having any formal English training). [4], Kreyol uses no for negation, bi (be) as the copula, fɔ for "to" in verbal infinitives. Tips for Finding a Language Mentor for MSA, Phrases and Expressions for Eating and Sharing Food in Levantine Dialect, Learning Gulf Arabic dialects - A collection of resources, Commonly-used expressions / تعبيرات شائعة, Cultural Resources: Arabic-Speaking Countries, Cultural Resources for Learners of Arabic, Online Resources for Arabic Language Learners, Tips for Finding an Arabic Language Mentor During a Pandemic, Online resources for learning Tunisian Colloquial Arabic (TCA), Library resources for Tunisian Colloquial Arabic (TCA), Cultural resources for learners of Tunisian colloquial Arabic, Short (very simplified) Lesson on Questions. It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan. Kreyol originated in Liberia among the Settlers, the free English-speaking African Americans from the Southern United States who emigrated to Liberia between 1819 and 1860. Vocabulary, verbs and more, Xhosa: Numbers + Money and Days of the Week. This means that while there are distinct variations of Liberian English, they don’t necessarily make up an entire distinct whole, nor do individuals necessarily represent or use only one of these varieties. Kreyol, Liberian Pidgin English. It should also again be noted that these different varieties don’t necessarily infer a lack of fluency in English, as individuals/speakers can be “wholly fluent in each variety” (Singler, 1981, p.19). Besides using simpler grammar, other defining characteristics of LPE include: Pronunciation in LPE adopts many of the same rules/sounds as the other varieties, though it is more heavily influenced by the speakers native/first language. Kru Pidgin English is a moribund variety that was spoken historically by Krumen. The term West African Pidgin English refers to a continuum of English -based pidgins and creoles spoken along the west coast of Africa, particularly in Nigeria, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. 5) If the speaker is emotionally involved or excited in what they are saying. Language Development. The Liberian Pidgin English Telephone Interpreter is responsible for handling calls on demand, and renders the meaning of conversations between Liberian Pidgin English and English speakers. Pidgin, a mix of local languages and English, has become the lingua franca here and is gaining respectability, not least from the BBC, which has its own Pidgin service. Location. Also known as Guinea Coast Creole English. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Advanced: Unataka kujifunza kuhusu utamaduini au usomaji? Liberian English is a term used to refer to the varieties of English spoken in Liberia. Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language which is about 70% of the population in that time.Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. 162 likes. This page is all about talking Liberia Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English), or Liberian creole the most common variety, developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English though it has been significantly influenced by the Americo-Liberian and the Caribbean slaves West African Pidgin English (or WAPE for short) is a family of English-based pidgins spoken in a costal belt of West African nations running from Gambia to Cameroon.While these languages are generally mutually intelligible, a lack of standardization means they are constantly evolving and that local variations are constantly springing up. Pidginenglisch translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'pietistisch',Pinselstrich',pedantisch',Pi', examples, definition, conjugation 3) If the listener displays less-standard like features in their speech. Capital: Monrovia Largest city: Monrovia Other cities: Gbarna Language official English others Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English), Merico or Americo-Liberian, Manding, Kru and Mel languages and the divergent language Gola. I It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. As such, rather than being a pidgin wholly distinct from English, it is a range of varieties that extend from the highly pidginized to one that shows many similarities to English as spoken elsewhere in West Africa. The most highly pidginized varieties in Singler’s definition use the simplest or least inflected grammar (Example- “We de eat bread” instead of “We are eating bread”). Singler describes these pidginized language varities as having a vocabulary and grammar that comes from English (grammar is simplified, demonstrated by the absence of inflections such as verb endings) while the pronunciation comes from the speakers first or native language. https://matadornetwork.com/abroad/beginners-guide-to-nigerian-pidgin-english Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. "People assume they brought English to Liberia," says linguist John Singler of New York University. Also called Kreyol, Liberian Pidgin English, Liberian English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Liberia. Liberian Pidgin English - LPE. Today the knowledge of some form of English … Gained usage with five varieties and spread throughout Liberia in the 19th century. Other Comments. Religion main Secular state others There are regional dialects such as the Kru Pidgin English used by the Kru fishermen.[4]. Brought to Liberia in 1822 by first group of black American emigrants who settled in Providence Island, now Monravia. There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English ; Kru Pidgin English; Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English) from African American Vernacular English It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Finding a Tutor in a Least Commonly Taught Language, Flashcards: Gen. There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English ; Kru Pidgin English; Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English) from African American Vernacular English Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia.It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. Liberian Kreyol is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. Liberian English is quite distinct from British or American usage. University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671, Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages, Next: Varieties- Liberian Vernacular English or Vernacular Liberian English(VLE), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. The most formal variety is the Standard Liberian English. Arabic: A “Less Commonly Taught” and/or a “Critical” Language? Hancock (1971) and Singler (1982) refer to these varieties as “idealizations” seemingly borrowing from Weber the notion of “ideal type.” The use of each variety is partly based on context or occasion, though not everyone would use that variety within each specific context. [3] Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. It has been analyzed having a post-creole continuum. This page is all about talking Liberia Subscribe via link belowhttps://youtu.be/OB6GLACdZZA With the end of the British colonial presence in West Africa in the mid-twentieth century, however, the tradition came … Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English), or Liberian creole the most common variety, developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English though it has been significantly influenced by the Americo-Liberian and the Caribbean slaves Settler English. As noted in a past post Liberian English/Koloqua should be understood as encompassing a continuum. Liberia was founded in 1822 as a settlement for freed slaves from the US, and was proclaimed independent in 1847. Also the copula “de” is used for locational constructions (“He de for work”). The varieties of pronunciation within LPE and between the varieties will be further analyzed upon the completion of a breakdown of the varieties. There are several varieties of the language spoken in the country including Kru Pidgin English, Liberian Kreyol language, the Merico language, and Caribbean English. Liberian Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. 161 likes. Kpelle-Introductions (part 2) and People! Liberian English is a variety of English that is spoken in Liberia. There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English (similar to American English) Singler (1982) notes that there five factors that influence how and when an individual uses a particular variety. Language Status. 1) Lacking gender distinction (meaning no differentiation between male and female, instead use of “I” or “he”), 2) Does not use a negator (use of “no” instead of “did not”), 3) Uses “for” instead of “to” (example- “He go for work”), 4) Uses/treats adjectives as a type of verb. Nwanne be proud to speak your pidgin whether it is the simple pidgin or waffi pidgin, that doesn’t stop you from speaking good english when you want to. User Population. Dialects. These were individuals, most often from the Klao Bassa people and Grebo ethnic groups, who worked as sailors on ships along the West African coast and also as migrant workers and domestics in such British colonies as the Gold Coast (Ghana) and Nigeria. Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. There are regional dialects such as the Kru Pidgin English used by the Kru Liberian Kreyol language developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English, though it has been significantly influenced by Liberian Settler English, itself based on American English, particularly African-American English and Southern American English. Pidgin is an English-based creole language and Nigeria’s real lingua franca. It has some archaic American expressions held over from the “pioneers” of the 1800s (like “vexed” for angry), but also has some British and other diverse expressions. Liberian Pidgin English - LPE. 2) If the speaker knows the listener well. Useful Online Resources for Learning Acholi, Acholi: Talking Politics in Northern Uganda, Acholi & Ngakarimojong: Lost in Translation, Introductory Lesson on Greetings in Akan Twi, Introducing yourself and meeting others in Akan Twi, Food & Drinks in Amharic: Basics of Ethiopian Food, Cultural Resources for Learning About the Middle East. It has since borrowed some words from French and from other West African languages. English Group Liberian Pidgin - The Two Roads.mp3 Audio recordings available in Liberian Pidgin English These recordings are designed for evangelism and basic Bible teaching to bring the gospel message to people who are not literate or are from oral cultures, particularly unreached people groups. "But in fact, English was already there — the West African variety, pidgin English." Liberian Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. Its phonology owes much to Liberia's Niger–Congo languages. this is a project of the linguistics program in the department of english, the college of arts and science's technology across the curriculum program, and the center … Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. According to wikipedia, the official language in Nigerian is English but we all know that the common language we speak in Nigeria is Pidgin. Kreyol is spoken mostly as an intertribal lingua franca in the interior of Liberia. Liberian English (lir-lir) = 3 (Wider communication). Lesson on Syllabary and Alphabet, Kpelle-Basic Lesson on Nouns and Pronouns, Cultural and Historical Resources: Liberia and Liberian English, Practice Lesson: Some Basics in Liberian English Pronunciation, Varieties- Liberian Vernacular English or Vernacular Liberian English(VLE), Variations of Grammar and "Rules" in the Varieties of English-Basic Similarities and Differences, Cultural Resources for Learners of Luganda, Beginning Luganda – Worksheet 1: Greetings, Beginner Worksheet 3: Negatives in Luganda, Luganda Beginner Worksheet 5: Future Tense, Beginnining Luganda Worksheet 6: Counting in Noun Classes, Beginning Worksheet 9: Prepositional phrases, Luganda for Intermediate and Advanced Learners, Worksheet: "Just," "Merely," or "Simply" in Luganda, Ngakarimojong: Introduction and Greetings, Ngakarimojong: Village, Household and Family, Ngakarimojong: Animals and the Age Set System, Ngakarimojong: Talking Politics in Northern Uganda (Karamoja version), Learning through folktales: Lizard and Chameleon, Part II: Swahili History, Culture, and More, Kufupisha kwa Kitabu cha historia ya pwani kwa Uswahili, Learning Swahili Noun Classes… with Fruit, Noun Classes: An Introduction and Practicing Possessive Agreements, Swahili as a Compulsory Subject in East African Schools, Swahili in Uganda: From the Language of the Military to the Language of the Market, This and That in Swahili: Introduction to Demonstratives, Swahili Methali and Misemo (Proverbs and Sayings), A closer, Swahili analysis of The Swahili, Sarufi (Grammar) | When and If in Verb Structure, Grammar | Relative Constructions and Pronouns, Reading Practice 1: Julius Nyerere Speech, Kujulisha (Introducing) Penina Muhando Mlama. 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