They are an active part of pollination. In order to distinguish a deer fly from the rest of the innumerable flies, you have to know how it looks like. If it is wet and warm, then you are sure to come across the deer flies. This helps them to provide the nourishment their eggs need. Horse fly bites vs deer fly bites. Come summer, deer flies are out feeding on the blood of humans. Dr. Subba Reddy PalliDepartment Chair & State EntomologistS-225 Agricultural Science Center NorthLexington, KY 40546-0091859.257.7450entchair@uky.edu, UK Entomology: Vision, Mission, & Core Values, Nancy Cox, Ph.D. Often, the flies are not in contact with the insecticide long enough to be killed so they continue to be an annoyance. Some are aquatic and a few develop in relatively dry soil. Fortunately, horse flies and deer flies are sporadic problems for specific times of the year. However, their body can be black, or a combination of yellow and black or gray. Horse flies often have dark bodies and darkly colored wings. Always keep your pools clean. The family Tabanidae, commonly known as horse flies, and deer flies, contains pests of cattle, horses and humans. In one word they are the annoying pests that you want to get rid of. Their eyes have a similarity with that of house flies. Consequently, they may be mechanical vectors of some animal and human diseases. Now, add six ounces of water to the mixture. In rare instances, there may be allergic reactions involving hives and wheezing. Horse flies are the larger of the two by a pretty big margin. Their wings, however, are quite big and black in color. Departments & Units   /   Diseases are spread quite easily by the female deer flies because they feed on multiple host bodies for their need of blood. To take care of the itching and burn like sensation you can apply some ice on the affected area. Extension   /   Deer fly season lasts about four or five weeks in June and July. Please check with your local county agent or regulatory official before using any pesticide mentioned in this publication. Camera: Canon Powershot SX200 with a +12 diopter close-up lens (a doublet lens from an Elmo Super 8 camera). Apart from all of these serious diseases transmitted by these blood-sucking monsters they are a complete nuisance in the lives of humans. The irritation and swelling from bites usually disappears in a day or so. Swarming in large numbers during the summer months, one can’t possibly stay away from their horrible bites. However, secondary infections may occur when bites are scratched. These flies apparently are attracted to such things as movement, shiny surfaces, carbon dioxide, and warmth. Deer flies are closely related to horse flies, both being of the Tabanidae family with deer flies in the genus Chrysops. 859-257-4772, Students   /   The female deer fly brings food for her eggs. Deer flies are usually active for specific periods of time during the summer. The larvae of horse fly and deer fly species develop in the mud along pond edges or stream banks, wetlands, or seepage areas. Size: Deer fly adults range in size from about ¼ to 1/3 inches long. It can lay as many as 800 eggs at one time on wet and damp vegetation. Pesticide recommendations in this publication are registered for use in Kentucky, USA ONLY! These female organisms can cover long distances, but the activity of a male deer fly starts somewhere between May and September. are still present. Females lay batches of 25 to 1,000 eggs on vegetation that stand over water or wet sites. Their sharp mouth can suck the blood of mammals in no time. Blood loss can be significant. Repellents can prevent flies from landing or cause them to leave before feeding but the factors that attract them (movement, carbon dioxide, etc.) Apart from the pain, the bite of a deer fly is pretty dangerous. 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