No Sweat! there needs to be www. DNS Record Types cPanel/WHM Free DNS Web Hosting. 1) SOA. For example, an A record is used to point a domain name, such as "", to the IP address of Google's hosting server, "". DNS is a global system for translating IP addresses to human-readable domain names. Before we dive into various types of DNS records, it is important to understand the distinction and concept DNS Zones and DNS Records. DNS records may be different types for different purposes for name resolutions. Sie ermöglicht einem Nutzer, eine URL in den Browser einzugeben und trotzdem eine Verbindung per IP-Adresse herzustellen. Common record types. DNS Lookup tool fetches all DNS Records of a domain and shows as received. In other words, the DNS record is a collection of basic elements, database records that save in zone files. What is a DNS A record? Start of Authority (SOA Record)—this record appears at the beginning of a DNS zone file, and indicates the Authoritative Name Server for the current DNS zone, contact details for the domain administrator, domain serial number, and information on how frequently DNS information for this zone should be refreshed. This is important – among other scenarios – during a zone transfer. The ‘A’ stands for ‘address’ and this is the most fundamental type of DNS record: it indicates the IP address of a given domain.For example, if you pull the DNS records of, the A record currently returns an IP address of: There is currently no option to add this type of record in your Domains Dashboard. DNS record types could be created and used to register what port a webpage is on. A records are used when you want to connect a domain name you’ve registered with a hosted website. Although there are various types of DNS records that all perform different actions, these four record types are the most commonly used. A-Records (Host address) The A-record is the most basic and the most commonly used DNS record type. Please For example, if you pull the DNS records of, the A record currently returns an IP address of: CNAME record type. Depending upon the usability of a domain (as the owner of the domain determines), there can be numerous records in a DNS. CNAME stands for canonical name. If a website has an IPv6 address, it will instead use an ‘AAAA’ record. Another address (A) record is setup for subdomain, pointing to the same address. Additional A recordscan also be created for subdom… Let’s take an in-depth look at the different types of DNS records. Die bekannteste Funktion dürfte wohl die Namensauflösung sein. The records fetched by this tool are A, AAAA, CNAME, MX, NS, PTR, SRV, SOA, TXT, CAA. The zone file contains mappings between domain names and IP addresses in the form of text records. For example, if you wanted to set up an eCommerce site to complement your existing website, a CNAME record would be the simplest way to link them together. Text records are most often used by services like Google. Da IPv6 eine Länge von 128 Bit bzw. … Adding various DNS records to your DNS zone. SRV (Service) records are custom DNS records used to establish connections between a service and a hostname. These are the most common DNS record types: Type Description; A record: This is the most popular type. Records are organized into various types according to the data they contain. “A record” stands for “address record” and is the purest form of DNS. A TXT record (short for text record) is a type of resource record in the Domain name system (DNS) used to provide the ability to associate arbitrary text with a host or other name, such as human readable information about a server, network, data center, or other accounting information. Various DNS record strings serve as commands on how the server should approach them, and they ensure that your site functions the way you intend it to. In addition to great pricing and a commitment to world-class customer service, we offer, The internet has evolved. In DNS record files, ‘A’ stands for an address that corresponds to a domain name to IP address (in IPv4). DNS Record Types SSHFP. A Records. In turn, that server will provide details for domains with the .com DNS zone, including “”. Learn more about the CNAME record. 5) CNAME. Other types of records simply provide some types of information (for example, an HINFO record gives a description of the type of computer/OS a host uses), or others return data used in experimental features. Other types and pseudo resource records. Although we have barely scratched the surface of the ins and outs of DNS and its clever functionality, next time a web hosting company needs you to add an A record to your domain name's DNS for a new website launch, you won't have to break a sweat. What are the most common types of DNS record? To create a new A-record, right-click a zone in the left list of DNS Records window, and select "New A-record" from the pop-up menu. For example, the relative record name 'www' in the zone '' gives the fully qualified record name ''.An apex record is a DNS record at the root (or apex) of a DNS zone. The A record is one of the most commonly used record types in any DNS system. Using these DNS records types will eliminate downtime, and drive ROI (who doesn’t want that?). SOA Record. A-records are the DNS server equivalent of the hosts file - a simple domain name to IP-address mapping. The DNS server takes the hostname and resolves it into a numeric IP address, which the web browser can connect to. Then, in the Query type field, select the type of DNS record you are interested in and click the "Query!" Let’s see each record in detail. 2) NS. Common DNS Record Types. This is a text based file which is stored on the name server of a domain and it contains instructions for all other servers to follow in order to connect to various services hosted on the domain such as a web server or email server. Address Mapping record (A Record)—also known as a DNS host record, stores a hostname and its corresponding IPv4 address. A records create a DNS record that points to an IPv4 address. PTR records 7. Ein Record-Typ bestimmt, welche Art von Information sich in dem Eintrag befindet. IP Version 6 Address record (AAAA Record)—stores a hostname and its corresponding IPv6 address. Mail exchanger record (MX Record)—specifies an SMTP email server for the domain, used to route outgoing emails to an email server. The other record types are more straightforward. The most important types to get you up and running are covered below. Dabei handelt es sich um einfac… This article highlight several of the commonly used records in an attempt to help demystify them. Die Bezeichnung AAAA geht darauf zurück, dass das Daten… is an ICANN-accredited domain name registrar. A-records are not required for all computers, but are needed for any computer that provides shared resources on a network. Common DNS Resource Records with examples. For example, an A record is used to point a domain name, such as "", to the IP address of Google's hosting server, "". Others are less relevant, deprecated, or replaced. One of the many challenges that can face a person while attempting to make modifications to a zone file is knowing what all of the different records are used for. In Azure DNS, records are specified by using relative names. For example, has an A record pointing to XX.XX.XX.XXX IP address. 16 Byte hat, ist auch hier die Länge des Datenfeldes fest vorgegeben. Important. A non-recursive query is a query in which the DNS Resolver already knows the answer. While there are many complex and obscure DNS record types, many may not be familiar with even the most common record types. A and AAAA Records The most common DNS record used, the A record simply points a domain to an IPv4 address, such as SOA Record. If the DNS resolver has the relevant DNS records in its cache, it returns them. SOA Record. There are lot of types of DNS servers, lot of type of records, and many ways to use each and every one of them. 7) SRV. One core component of DNS is the DNS zone file. and To set up an A record on your domain all you’ll need is an IP address to point it to. button to get your result. Learn more about the MX record. A records are the most commonly used record type. Here, zone files are mirrored to other servers in order to prevent failures. The record type field is an abbreviation for the type of information stored in the last field, record data. CNAME record: This record works as an alias and maps one name to another. A DNS Record is a single entry that gives the zone instructions on how to handle any given request based on type. Why would you use a CNAME record instead of an A record? TXT records 8. SSHFP is most often used with DNSSEC enabled domains. Assigning a value to an A record is as simple as providing your DNS management panel with an IP address to where the domain or subdomain should point and a TTL. MX stands for Mail Exchange and is very different from other records. Written by Chris Binnie. The most common DNS record types are: Now that’s we’ve covered the major types of traditional DNS infrastructure, you should know that DNS can be more than just the “plumbing” of the Internet. 3) A. Luckily, just a handful of them are of practical use to most webmasters. Usually, two A records are set up that will successfully point to both a bare and wildcard version of the domain (i.e. If you want to create custom email addresses through your domain name, MX records must be set up so that any emails that go to that address will be directed to the right server and get delivered to you. But we could also setup another A record called blog, this ca… A-record serves the basic function of DNS server which is to map a hostname string into its IP address. A CNAME record is used to redirect from one domain name to another automatically. TTL. A CNAME record maps DNS queries for the name of the current record, such as, to another domain ( or or subdomain ( or NS records 5. They contain fingerprints for public keys that are used for SSH. There are more than 30 types of DNS records that can potentially be implemented. Here, I will take you on a journey to understanding the top 7 most commonly used DNS Record types, and when to use them. The DNS protocol does not allow you to create a CNAME record for the top node of a DNS namespace, also known as the zone apex. Host record or A record is the most basic type of record exists in the DNS server. An example of this is the topic of DNS record types. By identifying them, you can easily manage your DNS plan in the best possible way. DNS? The prominent are – A Record; CNAME Record; NS Record; SOA Record; MX Record; TXT Record; A Record. SOA (Start of Authority) shows the start of the authority DNS zone and specifies the global parameters of the zone. The DNS client must then repeat the query directly against the DNS server it was referred to. When an application needs to find a specific service location, it will search for a related SRV record. A component called a DNS Resolver is responsible for checking if the hostname is available in local cache, and if not, contacts a series of DNS Name Servers, until eventually it receives the IP of the service the user is trying to reach, and returns it to the browser or application. DNS Record Types SSHFP. If you changed your hosting or DNS records, then this tool is for you to verify that your records are entered correctly to avoid any downtime. Certificate record (CERT Record)—stores encryption certificates—PKIX, SPKI, PGP, and so on. MX record - Directs mail to an email server. If you have ever set up a website, you most likely configured an A record before. Das Domain Name System (DNS) erleichtert die Kommunikation im Internet. This requires CAs to check for the presence of a CAA record and, if one is found, verify that they are authorized prior to issuing certificates for this domain. It is used to translate human friendly domain names such as "" into IP-addresses such as (machine friendly numbers). DS is useful if you are delegating DNS (through an NS record) for a child to a separate system and want to keep using DNSSEC for that child zone; without a DS entry in the parent, the child data will not be validated. In both cases, there is no need for additional rounds of queries (like in recursive or iterative queries). Usually, two A records are set up that will successfully point to both a bare and wildcard version of the domain (i.e. Chris Binnie has been online for almost two decades. A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) includes the zone name, whereas a relative name does not. 3 types of DNS queries— recursive, iterative, and non-recursive. The most common types of DNS records used in most domains and their most common uses are described below. Those you’re most likely to encounter include: CNAME record. DNSKEY record - The ‘DNS Key Record’ contains a public key used to verify Domain Name System Security Extension (DNSSEC) signatures. Every zone file will have a SOA record. A records 2. Most commonly this type of record is used to connect a domain name to a server … NS: one or more authoritative name server records for the domain. Finally, we’ll give you a sneak peak into the amazing things that can be achieved by the next generation of DNS servers. Don’t panic! They serve as a map that tells the DNS server (or the digital database that lists every website on the internet) which domain every IP address is associated with, and how they should handle the access requests sent to them. The records for this type contain information on the zone that is organized by the zone file and/or the DNS server. Advanced DNS solutions can help do some amazing things, including: These capabilities are made possible by next-generation DNS servers that are able to intelligently route and filter traffic. MX records 6. In an iterative query, a DNS client provides a hostname, and the DNS Resolver returns the best answer it can. A Record listing in the GoDaddy DNS Management Panel. Address records, commonly known as host records, resolve IP addresses. Service Location (SRV Record)—a service location record, like MX but for other communication protocols. It either immediately returns a DNS record because it already stores it in local cache, or queries a DNS Name Server which is authoritative for the record, meaning it definitely holds the correct IP for that hostname. Azure DNS supports all common DNS record types: A, AAAA, CAA, CNAME, MX, NS, PTR, SOA, SRV, and TXT. DNS records are an essential part of getting websites to operate correctly. The Domain Name System (DNS) is composed of many different record types (or resource records): A, AAAA, CNAME, MX, CAA, etc. 6) MX. Please contact us for assistance. What Are DNS Record Types? When you set up an A record, you will specify an FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name) to be pointed to an IP address. CNAME stands for canonical name. In this video, StormWind Studios Instructor and Sybex Author Will Panek explains some of the more common DNS record types and when they should be used. A record only resolves to IP addresses. This allows more than one website to refer to a single web server. Types of DNS Records. A Records are the most basic type of DNS record and are used to point a domain or subdomain to an IP address. SSHFP, or Secure Shell Fingerprint record is a type of a DNS record that helps identify SSH keys. CNAME records, or Canonical Name Records, only resolve to domains and subdomains. Unlike most DNS records that resolve to text or the destinations of various IP addresses, MX records are used to direct emails sent to custom addresses associated with a domain name. If not, it refers the DNS client to the Root Server, or another Authoritative Name Server which is nearest to the required DNS zone. When connecting to a server, the SSH client checks the records fingerprint, and if it matches the servers, it will mark it as safe to connect. DNS Records, Types and Uses.
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