DNA from historical skin and bone samples was separated in the ancient DNA facility of CCMB, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of these two samples and the modern cheetah sample were sequenced and analysed along with mtDNA of 118 cheetah from different parts of Africa and southwest Asia, another author Niraj Rai said. A century ago, there were more than 100,000 cheetahs that roamed the African and Asian continent. Asiatic Cheetah - Acinonyx jubatus venaticus The Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus), also known as Iranian or Persian cheetah, is a Critically Endangered cheetah subspecies surviving today only in Iran.It once occurred from the Arabian Peninsula and the Near East to the Caspian region, Kyzylkum Desert, Pakistan and India, but has been extirpated there during the 20th century. The Asiatic cheetah’s habitat is not as diverse as the African continent, which limits food sources for Asiatic cheetah. In Iran, for instance, the area with the largest population of Asiatic cheetahs is being destroyed by coal mines that keep popping up to excavate the rich iron ores in the region with little regard to the rare cheetahs. Illegal wildlife trade is another cause of concern for the cheetah population, and many are snatched from the wild and sold to captivity as pets where most live in less than ideal conditions. With resources already stretched to the limit, it becomes cheaper to release some of the cheetahs to the wild even when they are not ready and hope that most of them find a way to survive. Both Africans and Asiatics can run as fast as each other. You can support quality journalism by turning off ad blocker or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to The Hindu. Loss of habitat is the leading cause behind the dwindling numbers of cheetahs in the wild. Natural challenges like droughts and diseases are affecting the conservation work as well as raising the budget costs. The Sudan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii) is a cheetah subspecies native to Central and Northeast Africa.It lives grasslands, savannahs, lowlands of the Nile Valley, inland Lake Chad, arid Sahelian and Saharan deserts and steppes. The cheetah is a prominent cat family member that belongs to the subfamily Felinae and  is found across Africa and some parts of Iran. An adult African cheetah can reach 84 inches in length and can weigh up to 159 pounds. Median‐joining (MJ) networks showing phylogeographic structure in African and Asiatic cheetahs. A major parameter that decides the choice between Asiatic and African cheetah reintroduction in the country would be to see how different the two populations are. What Are The Differences Between Asiatic Lions And African Lions? The African cheetah has superior numbers as it is estimated that there are about 10,000 of them left in the African wild at the moment. Tourists also, who are eager to see the cheetah hunt, disturb them from making successful hunts, and endangering the lives of the cubs from starvation. Asiatic cheetahs are believed to have the same speeds as African Cheetahs. Physical Characteristics: Bigger in size as compared to Asiatic Cheetah. The majority of known cheetah range (76 percent) exists on unprotected lands. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. Asiatic cheetahs once roamed the whole expanse of the central Asian continent from India to Afghanistan and Pakistan, but with their numbers reduced, it is hard for them to be sighted outside Iran. Cheetah vanished from the country just after independence and Africa today harbours the highest number of these cats, called the African cheetah. At this difficult time, it becomes even more important that we have access to information that has a bearing on our health and well-being, our lives, and livelihoods. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. Cheetah fur is also on high demand in the black market, and their beautiful fur is used to make expensive apparel like coats that fetch high prices. Their legs are shorter, their coat thicker and their neck is more powerful. 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With acceleration that would leave most automobiles in the dust, a cheetah can go from 0 to 60 miles an hour in only three seconds. The divide between North-east African cheetah with both the South-east African and Asiatic cheetah is 100-200,000 years ago. The African cheetah is vulnerable and the Asiatic cheetah is critically endangered. The Asiatic cheetah is one of the world's most critically endangered big cats. On the other hand, Asiatic Cheetahs are only found in a small region between Iran and Pakistan. The cat’s fur is tan with black spots. A 100,000 years of evolution separates the African and Asiatic subspecies of lion, and 169,000 years separates the African and Asian subspecies of leopard. “This is contrary to an existing belief that the evolutionary divide between Asiatic and African cheetahs is only of 5,000 years,” said Guy Jacobs of the University of Cambridge. But the biggest difference is in the cats’ faces. However, no data is available to confirm. 4. Estimating gene flow and mutation rates is a tricky thing, the authors acknowledge. “We have analysed three distinct cheetah samples — skin of a cheetah believed to be shot in Madhya Pradesh in 19th century from mammal gallery of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata, second was a bone obtained from Mysore’s Natural History Museum, dates to 1850 – 1900, and the third was a blood sample of a modern cheetah from Nehru Zoological Park (NZP), Hyderabad,” he explained.
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