So the candiru could be one of the most maligned fish in the Amazon, along with all the piranhas. 1. They can generate an electrical output of around 600 volts and are consequently regarded as dangerous. There are over 2000 different species of fish in Amazon Rainforest waters. Private Guide, Zipline, Primate Research Grid. The Amazon Rainforest is one of the most ecologically diverse places on Earth. Oscars are found throughout the Amazon basin and the photograph above was taken from a tributary of the Amazon River know as the Rio Tahuayo near Iquitos in northern Peru. Amazonian … Search Tours About Us Adults typically grow up to six feet and seven inches in length, but it’s not their size that scares off local fishermen. harpy eagle, toucan and hoatzin), 378 reptiles (e.g. According to scientists from the University of California, 5,600 known species of fish call the river home, and approximately fifty new species … The Amazon rainforest covers … The Amazon and Orinoco basins in northern South America are home to the highest concentration of freshwater fish species on earth, with more than 3,000 species allotted to 564 genera. In the dark waters of the Amazon, it helps to see the world in a different way. To date, at least 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the region. Vampire fish are aptly named after their massive fangs at the front of their bottom jaw giving them a scary appearance. A predatory fish, they feed on aquatic insects when small and small fish when adult. Destinations When you’re an electric fish, it’s a matter of who has the biggest output. 1. Of all these fish of the Amazon, there are 8 that are considered to be iconic species, whether for their size, their appearance, their appetites, or for just being oddballs. Amazon needle fish generally have a greener and murkier coloration to help blend in with Amazon waters as an adaptation to their relatively new environment (from an evolutionary perspective). Think of the Amazon, and you probably think of jaguars, monkeys, or parrots. But different from the payara, the vampire bat actually drinks blood. Pancake Stingrays 8… He’s the owner of New Peruvian and also writes for various magazines and websites. Over 10% of the world’s known species live in the Amazon RainForest 20% of the world’s bird species live in the Amazon RainForest it is home to around 2 and haif million different insect species as well as over 4000 plant species. Furthermore, the discharge can be felt from some distance away from the fish, and an electric eel can still shock someone hours after its own death. Despite its name and its elongated, cylindrical body, it’s not actually an eel at all, but rather a knifefish. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. Electric Eel, The electric eel (Electrophorus electricus) is a strange creature indeed. There are around 80,000 species of Amazon Rainforest … Electric eels are really knifefish that live in South American waters. You can see by the photo the large muscular tail these arowana fish have. Many of us, however, walk through the world like ghosts, as if we were in it, but not of it. Discounts, FAQ How To Help Conservation Perfect for First Amazon Experience, 45 mins from Puerto Maldonado, Canopy Tower, Parrot Clay Lick, Massages, Lake Tours. Copyright 2002-2020. Customer Reviews Amazon Rainforest fish are the main source of protein for local Amazon communities and also a main source of revenue. The paiche (Arapaima gigas), also known as pirarucú or arapaima, is one of the largest freshwater fish in the world (the largest being Russia’s beluga sturgeon). In humans, the effect of an eel shock is often described as a brief but painful numbing shock, likened to that of a stun gun. Freshwater stingray are something to watch out for when walking in Amazon waters. Paiche often grow to seven feet in length, with the largest reportedly reaching lengths of between 10 feet and, in exceptional cases, 15 feet. The only time you need to worry about swimming with piranhas is when water levels are low, the piranhas are stressed and food is in very short supply, in which case they might take a bite (and you’d be wise to exit the river immediately). They use their teeth to impale other fish as they hunt in the Amazon River and its tributaries. It is almost impossible to visit the Amazon region and not see or hear about fish in some form. Thankfully, attacks from bull sharks in the Amazon are very rare indeed. Another function is to communicate the fish’s health to rivals of the same species and potential mates. How to Book Electric Eel (Electrophorus electricus) 7. Fish … Photograph by Amazon-Images/Alamy To look is much less easy than to overlook, and to be able to see what we do see, is a great gift. About 45% (more than 1,000 species) of the known Amazonian fish species … They are medium-sized creatures … Piraiba. In the Amazon Rainforest, you’ll find another animal with a similar name. For example, building new roads exposes previously inaccessible areas of forest to illegal and unsustainable logging. But many of the rainforest’s secrets can be found hidden in its watery depths, from the fish … Bull sharks are more commonly associated with coastal areas, and are one of the three shark species that most commonly bite humans, along with tiger sharks and great white sharks. What animals live in the Amazon? Transportation and energy infrastructure are essential for national and regional development, but when they are poorly planned, negative impacts can exceed short-term benefits. The Amazon basin contains the largest number of freshwater fish species in the world -- more than 3,000 species. None of this is actually scientifically proven, but anecdotal accounts are commonplace throughout the Amazon. So the idea that they’ll strip the flesh off a swimming human in mere seconds is a myth. Waterlife. High fish diversity is a good indicator of forest health. Newsletter Signup, 954-966-2374 (Local) Juvenile PaicheThe Amazon River basin is the largest river basin in the world, covering an area of 2.5 million square miles. Jaguar. Biodiversity Loss The Amazon has some 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which are over 1000 miles long. Ecuador’s Amazon animals also include over 300 species of fish (including three piranha species) and 70,000 insect species per acre of rainforest. The Amazon Rainforest has one of the highest levels of biodiversity on earth and is home to hundreds of thousands of animal, bird, and insect species. Some of the species include: And several other varieties of carp, cichlids, tetras, piranhas, … While its sheer size alone is impressive, this strange prehistoric throwback also has a number of strange characteristics. These photos were taken near the Tahuayo Lodge in the Tamshiyacu Tahuayo Reserve near Iquitos, north Peru. Species richness in the Rupununi region: While netting and tagging for Arapaima, a large Amazon fish, the research team caught more than 25 giant Amazon river turtles (Podocnemis expans). It contains one in 10 known species on Earth, 40,000 plant species, 3,000 freshwater fish species… Another theory, which has been tested when faced with piranha, is that the spots protect the fish from fin-biting species by confusing predators into thinking the fish has two heads. Amazon Rainforest, large tropical rainforest occupying the Amazon basin in northern South America and covering an area of 2,300,000 square miles (6,000,000 square km). Bull Shark. The Amazon's Largest Macaw Clay Lick, See Macaw Research, Also See Refugio Amazonas Lodge, Experience 5 Habitats, Enjoy Peru's most pristine National Park, explore Manu, see clay licks, combine with Andean Cloud Forest & Manu Tented Camps, Luxury Amazon Cruise, Escorted in Limo-styled Coach, Massages, Own Private Deck, and Personal Spa, Comfort Cruise, Escorted in Limo-styled Coach, Massages, Kayaks to Explore the Magnificent Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, Explore Several Different Amazon Areas on One Tour, Naturalist Led Launches, Meeting of the Waters, Anavilhanas Reserve. Tropical rainforest rivers are notoriously full of BIG freshwater fish and we have plenty of these in Rainforests of the World. Galapagos, Machu Picchu, & Easter Island Tours, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, & Machu Picchu Tours, Classic Machu Picchu and Reserva Amazonica, Ten Things To Do In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Pantanal Wildlife: 8 Mammals That You Are Likely To See, The Best Places For Snorkeling In The Galapagos. Not only is it an air-breather that has to surface regularly to gulp in oxygen, it also has flexible armor-like scales that protect it from piranha attacks. Big Fish. The giant Arapaima is an incredible freshwater species of bonytongue and an important food fish. //-->. Amazon biodiversity by the numbers: 40,000 plant species 16,000 tree species 3,000 fish species 1,300 birds 430+ mammals 1,000+ amphibians 400+ … Fisherman and other inhabitants of the Amazon fear the stingray due to the venomous stinger on its tail. This reputation, however, has largely been the result of Hollywood movies like the Piranha series of films. Some villages in South America will hunt payaras for food. 5. One in five of all bird species are found in the … Adults often weigh up to 440 pounds. If you look closely, you can see a colorful spot just in front of the fish’s tail called an eye spot. According to a recent publication by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), the Amazon rainforest contains about 40 000 plant species, 427 mammal species, 1294 bird species, 378 species of reptiles, 427 species of amphibians, and 3000 species of fish. This little parasitic fish is infamous for its supposed ability to infiltrate and parasitize the human urethra. Accommodations Read more about the Fish of the Amazon at the World Wildlife Fund. jaguar, anteater and giant otter), 1,300 birds (e.g. The Amazon rainforest is one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. To help them chew up fruit, they have molar-like teeth, something not found in more predatory fish. Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) 3. Also known as tambaqui or giant pacu, the gamitana is a large bass-like fish that can weigh almost 100 pounds. Amazon Rainforest Birds. The Arapaima (Arapaima gigas) 2. Perfect for Families, Childrens' Amazon Trail, Canopy Tower, Parrot Clay Lick, Massages, Lake Tours. As if piranhas, electric eels and parasitic fish weren’t enough to frighten swimmers in the Amazon, there are also sharks to contend with. Think of the Amazon, and you probably think of jaguars, monkeys, or parrots. Reaching around 3.3 feet in length and 29 pounds in weight, it isn’t the largest fish in the Amazon. It is the world’s richest and most-varied biological reservoir, containing several million species. Many Amazon insects and animals have this type of marking and what it communicates is still being researched. Piraiba or Brachyplatystoma is the largest species of the Amazon catfish,found in Orinoco and Amazon … Currency Converter True, of the 20 or so piranha species that live in the Amazon, most have vicious-looking teeth, which are more than capable of removing a careless fisherman’s finger. Some people even claim that if a man stands on the riverbank and urinates into the river, it can swim up the stream of urine to enter its new human host. M SQUARE, L.L.C. Prey range from insects to birds. Amazon Rainforest fish are the main source of protein for local Amazon communities and also a main source of revenue. Interests Best Time To Visit The Amazon We have "eyes and see not, ears and hear not.". The Amazon is home to 40,000 plants, 3,000 freshwater fish, hundreds of reptiles, thousands of birds and butterflies, and mammals such as jaguars, sloths, and Amazon river dolphins, according to the … On oscars, the eye spot’s size and color closely resembles the fish’s own eye. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest as do one in five known bird species. The Amazon is home to one of the largest fresh water fish on Earth, the impressively sized Arapaima gigas. Fish; Insects. Registration No. A world of unknown species. With their varied colors and patterns, Amazonian stingrays are quite pretty. The Amazon Rainforest is home to 427 mammal species, 1,300 bird species, 378 species of reptiles, and more than 400 species of amphibians. In the Pantanal, a giant wetland bordering the Amazon rainforest, many fish species feed on fallen fruit during the flood season. At present, various studies have managed to quantify the various species of animals in the Amazon rainforest… They also swallow many seeds whole, which helps to disperse seeds throughout the river network. Gamitana Fish, When it comes to eating the fish of the Amazon River, gamitana (Colossoma macropomum) is one of the most sought after due to its tasty flesh. Candiru (Vandellia cirrhosa) 4. Freshwater Fish. This impressive region provides essential ecological services, stabilizing the … Travel Agents The Amazon Basin alone has over 3,000 known species and possibly as many unidentified species. The … They use this to jump out of the water in a dramatic display as they attack prey on the water’s surface. In the Amazon, bull sharks have been recorded as far upstream as Iquitos in Peru, a distance of about 2,500 miles from the Atlantic. The next species to make it to the list of Amazon rainforest animals is a Spectacled Owl. This is more than any other river basin on Earth, and Amazonia is the center of diversity for Neotropical fishes. They pack a painful punch if you happen to pose a threat by accidentally stepping near them while you cool your feet from a forest hike. Some of the animals that live in the Amazon Rainforest include jaguars, sloths, river dolphins, macaws, anacondas, glass frogs, and poison dart frogs. ST35056. A spectacle of nature and wildlife, the Amazon region gets its name from the Amazon River, the longest river on the planet. Group Travel Travel Insurance Paiche. Despite their venomous nature, stingrays are a common food source for the Amazon’s human inhabitants. It encompasses territories of Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. The Amazon River is the largest river in the world by discharge volume. There are nearly 3,000 various species of freshwater fish in the waters of the Amazon rainforest. They can grow to over a meter in length, and to give you a clue over how painful their sting actually is, they are known by Amazon locals by their other name, wish-you-were-dead-fish. The Amazon RainForest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. – 800 species of fish, including three sorts of piranhas – 350 Species of reptiles, including anacondas and iguanas – More than 300 species of mammals, including monkeys and jaguars – Thousands of species of plants and trees – Thousands of species of insects: one acre of rainforest may be home to 70,000 species … The world's largest freshwater fish, the Arapima gigas, swims in its natural habitat in the Amazon Rainforest. But be careful: If you accidently step on one while wading barefoot in the shallows, prepare for a nasty sting. Estimations of the number of plant and animal species vary widely. These are the only species of owl found in the Amazon rainforest. boa), more than 400 amphibians (e.g. Of all these fish of the Amazon, there are 8 that are considered to be iconic species, whether for their size, their appearance, their appetites, or for just being oddballs. When he’s not walking his dog in the jungle town of Tarapoto, he’s off exploring other parts of Peru and South America. Stingrays, The freshwater stingrays of the Amazon have highly circular disc-shaped bodies with widths ranging from one foot to six-and-a-half feet. Tony Dunnell is a freelance writer based in Peru since 2009. And within the Amazon River and its many tributaries live some 2,500 fish species that have been scientifically described, with an estimated 1,000 new species waiting to be discovered. Our List of 10 Best Known Fish Species in the Amazon River: 1. Unfortunately, this utopia of wildlife and vegetation is … The fish is endangered due to overfishing. The candiru (Vandellia cirrhosa) goes by various names, including the toothpick fish, vampire fish, or cañero. Destination Maps There are over 2000 different species of fish in Amazon Rainforest waters. Boasting the most itinerary options in Amazonia, you can whiz through the trees on the canopy zipline, view poison dart frog initiatives, & observe different monkeys on the A.R.C primate research grid. Tahuayo Lodge Amazon Tour But it nonetheless puts up a legendary fight when caught on a line, making it one of the great trophy catches of the Amazon River and one of the most highly regarded freshwater sportfish in the world. If the love of Nature is frozen or crushed out, the character can hardly fail to suffer from the loss. Red-bellied Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) 5. The Amazon is one of Earth’s last refuges for jaguars, harpy eagles, and pink river dolphins, and it is home to sloths, black spider monkeys, and poison dart frogs. An idea is that the spots protect the fish from eye-biting animals by making them attack a less important part of the body. They’re large fish … It also accommodates numerous aquatic creatures. They are also non-aggressive and will act only in self-defense. A Quarter to Half an acre of threatened South American habitat protected with every tour booking! It’s rarely fatal, but it’s very painful and bacterial infections can cause serious problems if the sting is left untreated. Arowanas have a primitive lung, which helps them deal with oxygen poor water meaning that they can come to the surface to gulp air. google_ad_width = 468;google_ad_height = 15; The wet, warm and humid environment of the Amazon Rainforest creates a fantastic environment …, Amazon Rainforest frogs like the poison dart frogs are as synonymous with the Amazon as Macaws, Jaguar, and Monkeys …, The soil in tropical forests lacks the nutrients of temperate forests as the …, Related Pages It might surprise you to discover that almost all of the fish in our Amazon and Southeast Asian displays were donated by members of the public who could no longer look after their giant fish. Although related to the piranha, the pacu has a different type of dental … Of the Amazon fish described so far by science, 40% are catfish and characines 2, including the neon tetra (Hyphessobrycon innesi), pearl headstander (Chilodus punctatus), silver hatchetfish (Gasteropelecus levis), bronze corydoras (Corydoras geneus) and the oscar (Astronotus ocellatus). The shock is an adaptation to both find food in the water and to defend the fish from predators, which does seem a little overkill. All Rights Reserved. Juvenile gamitanas are often confused with piranhas due to their similar appearance, but gamitanas are primarily vegetarian, mostly feeding on fruit and seeds. Arapaima is the largest species of freshwater fish,native to the Amazon basins of South America. About 2,500 fish species are known from the Amazon basin and it is estimated that more than 1,000 additional undescribed species exist. An electric eel can deliver a shock of 650 volts, and sometimes more, which can easily stun its prey or act as a defense mechanism. Can I eat vampire fish? You can visit the highly regarded Tahuayo Lodge & Amazon Research Center as part of this tour of the bio-diverse Tahuayo Reserve. /meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />, » Amazon Rainforest Life » Amazon Rainforest Fish,